The broad policy issue that our committee addressed was violence against women. This issue is often assumed to occur in the context of intimate partner violence (IPV ). However, violence against women is best defined as any act of physical force with the intent to harm, subjugate or abuse a woman or a group of women. This includes human trafficking, war crimes, female genital mutilation, workplace sexual harassment, as well as domestic violence (DV).
Internationally, both women and men are affected by the expansive occurrences of violence against women. Given its definition, it is obvious that women are the most affected gender population. However, as these acts persist in various forms, it becomes a norm, and perpetrators feel more validation in their actions (e.g. Blaisure & Allen, 1995). In particular with intimate partner violence, Bent-Goodley (2007) states that IPV is the leading cause of injuries in women of the ages 15 to 44, resulting in a cost of more than $44 million to the health system.
[...] Feminist Theory is a model of analysis designed to achieve women's liberation by eliminating the oppression of women in society (Robbins et al., 2006). The theory incorporates a holistic view of the interrelationships between material, social, intellectual and spiritual facets of human experience. It also stresses the need to identify those attitudes, expectations, language, behaviors, and social arrangements that have contributed to the oppression and marginalization of people. Within this theory are three major areas of focus; gender difference, gender inequality, and gender oppression. [...]
[...] Implementation and Evaluation Options The policy that our committee reviewed was the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA), in the context of the Lutheran Settlement House, which is a bilingual domestic violence agency. In the current VAWA, there are nine acts. These nine acts include Crimes and Courts, Services and Outreach, Children and Youth, Prevention, Health Care Response, Housing, Economic Security, Immigrant Issues, and Tribal Programs. Of these nine titles, our committee proposes changes to four of the titles; Title I - Crimes and Courts, Title II - Services and Outreach, Title IV Prevention, and Title V - Health Care Response. [...]
[...] Retrieved March from http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/99-5.ZS.html. Eagle Forum (2005). Open Letter. Retrieved March from http://www.eagleforum.org/column/2005/july05/05-07-20.html. Egan, T. (1994, November 4). The 1994 Campaign: Western States; Campaigns Focus on 2 Views of West. The New York Times. Retrieved March from http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9800E6DD143EF937A35752C1A Family Violence Prevention Fund (2005). House Judiciary Committee Passes Violence Against Women Act. Retrieved March from http://www.endabuse.org/newsflash/index.php3?Search=Article&NewsFlashID=634. Jordan, B. (2005, May). Social Theory and Social Policy: Choice, Order and Human Well-being. European Journal of Social Theory, 149-170. Laney, G., and Siskin, A. (2003). [...]
[...] Policy Options The committee came together with four different policies; the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), the Violence Against Women Act of 1995 (VAWA), the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) and the Juvenile Justice Improvement Act (H.R. 5537). In addressing our issue of violence against women, VAWA was the obvious policy of choice. Provision, Recipients and Circumstances The recipients of the new VAWA services will be police departments, abused women, and children who have witnessed violence. [...]
[...] The ideologies about violence against women include resistance from conservatives, and thus, lack of financial support for this community and their constituents. Additionally, in regards to the character of regulations and rules, there is some anticipated resistance to change. Individual states, local governments, and individual officers may be inconsistent with the mandates of this Act and not follow through as requested. Evaluation and Indicators of Success In order to evaluate the success of these amendments to VAWA, we will also have to implement various measure. [...]
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