The Catholic Church has had a central part in the Irish society's life and identity since its independence in 1922. The State conceded huge areas of social policy to the Catholic Church. By linking patriotism with morality, the Church acquired a complete control over politic, cultural, social and economic matters. However, this is no longer the case and the Church is now directly influenced by the other countries. Through a series of examples in different areas, we will show how the Irish modern Society has changed, through the decline of its central power: the Roman Catholic Church. In Ireland, there used to be a peaceful cooperation between the Church (moral teaching) and the State (laws) . However in front of the weakened Church, the State has begun to gain more and more power and no longer supports the institutions of the Church. The State has proved its growing independence in building its own schools, hospitals, and welfare systems.
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[...] We can conclude that the conservative clerical church of the 1950s which was highly respected, and unquestioned, seems to fade away as time goes by. Indeed, the society does no longer need to associate their independence from Britain with a strong assertion to the Church. It is now able to listen to other voices than the Church. Moreover, the Irish's reaction seems to be against the dominance of the “intolerant and open-mindedness” of the past. However, recent surveys show that 87% of the population still declare themselves Catholics and want a religious education for their children. [...]
[...] Nonetheless, the Preamble of the Constitution still remains, and refers to the Church: the name of the most Holy Trinity”. Hence, this is the role of the Church as an Institution which is in crisis today The media Secondly, the media played a great part in the change of the Irish modern society. During the 1960s, through the extension of the popular press, radio, and television, people were confronted to new ideas. American and English television programs invaded Ireland, broke censorship and spread the western culture (for example, talk shows about the sexual abuses in the 1990s: Sinners). [...]
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