The concept of stigma comes from the Greek word 'stigma' which means physical mark. These were body marks, like tattoos that were branded on people to expose their misdeeds or crimes. People such as slaves, criminals or traitors were marked with red iron so that people could identify them as morally polluted or blemished people. The motive behind this was that people could avoid them in public places.
[...] More about stigma These are marks that may be visible or classified as congenital malformations. In this situation, the individual is "discredited". This produces an undesirable reaction from the person who is stigmatized and the person's interaction with others will be hampered by the knowledge of the stigma. Indeed, being one-legged will not be a problem in a professional conversation in an office, while the same conversation can be very difficult for a deaf person. It is also interesting to note that all actions do not bring the same effect and impact on stigmatized people. [...]
[...] There are several types of strategies put in place for individuals: Hiding the existence of a conscious or unconscious stigma Getting the stigma for a less serious stigma (e.g. an HIV-positive patient can while away the stigma by highlighting the fact of taking the triple therapy) Receiving support from someone who understands and empathizes with the stigmatized individual. Ex: A man who has hearing problems is supported by his wife to conceal his deafness. Conversation is carried out by giving information on discrete statements. [...]
[...] People will associate homosexuality with AIDS and will avoid mixing up with these people According to Goffman, the stigma will have to revolve around two forms of social identity: The virtual social identity, which corresponds to a "characterization in power". This is a collection of all the characteristics expected of a person according to his social status. It is linked to assumptions that we put on what the individual who is facing us should be like and the role he is supposed to embody. [...]
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