The Cathars were an alternative Christian or semi-Christian group who were condemned as heretics by the Roman Church. They lived and practiced their religion in the Languedoc, an area of what is now southern France, from the tenth through fourteenth centuries. Because the Cathar scriptures were systematically destroyed by the Inquisition at the same time the Cathars themselves were being killed, we have no documentation about the exact nature of their beliefs. Assumptions about their beliefs are generally based on the beliefs of other groups of the time, but there is little reliable evidence.
[...] San Francisco: Harper & Row Wikipedia, Cathars,” retrieved March from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathars William of Puylaurens, The Chronicle of William of Puylaurens: The Albigensians and Its Aftermath. W.A. and M.D. Sibly, trans. Rochester, NY: Boydell Press Wikipedia, Cathars,” retrieved March (from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cathars). William of Puylaurens, The Chronicle of William of Puylaurens: The Albigensians and Its Aftermath, W.A. and M.D. Sibly, trans. (Rochester, NY: Boydell Press, 2003) Pascal Guébin and Henri Maisonneuve, Histoire Albigeoise (Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1951) Ibid. Wikipedia, Cathar.” . Antti Marjanen, The Women Jesus Loved: Mary Magdalene in the Nag Hammadi Library [...]
[...] Interest in Mary Magdalene in Europe increased markedly in the eleventh century. Could this be in part because the Cathars and others began circulating stories about her relationship to Jesus? The Cathars formed around the tenth century. VII.The Languedoc and the Holy Grail There is a final possible connection between the legend of Mary Magdalene and the Languedoc. The Empress Helena, the mother of the Emperor Constantine, went to Palestine in 327 C.E. and claimed she found the tomb of Jesus. [...]
[...] In that tomb she allegedly found a chalice that had legend said this was the cup Jesus had used at the Last Supper and had been used by Mary Magdalene to catch his blood at the crucifixion. This chalice, called the Magdalene chalice, was taken to Rome, but lost from recorded history. Legend said it was taken out of Rome when the Visigoths threatened to invade in 410, and taken to Britain. Stories that Joseph of Arimathea went to Britian after the crucifixion had existed since the fourth century. [...]
[...] The Gospel of Philip One of the reasons why the Cathars were so disliked by the Church, or at least one of the excuses given for the horrific genocide inflicted upon the Cathars, was their alleged belief that Mary Magdalene was a concubine of Jesus. This would have been a very strange allegation for the invaders to make up, so these reports raise questions about actual Cathar beliefs. Texts that had been lost to the world were recovered when some brothers discovered a cache in Nag Hammadi, Egypt in late 1945. [...]
[...] As the invaders broke through the walls, the townspeople ran to the church of Mary Magdalene for sanctuary, but the invaders disregarded sanctuary and killed them. The chroniclers emphasized that this killing took place on the feast day of Mary Magdalene. supreme justice of Providence!” This was appropriate, the chroniclers said, because the Cathars had asserted that Mary Magdalene was the concubine of Jesus Christ. The invaders seemed to think it was appropriate that people who believed Mary Magdalene was sexually involved with Jesus should be slaughtered in her church on her feast day. [...]
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