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Gender imbalance and rural families: China’s growing problem

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civil law

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documents in English
term papers
3 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. The gender ratio in China
  3. The One-Child policy: A review
  4. The production of inexpensive ultrasound machine
  5. The problems faced by China
  6. The welfare programs by Chinese government
  7. Conclusion
  8. References

Post-World War II China produced a large number of babies as a part of the baby boomer generation. As a result, the most heavily populated country in the world experienced an exponential growth in their population unlike any other in the world. Because of the fear of depleting their already scarce food and water supply, the Chinese government implemented the One-Child Policy in 1979 (Wiseman 2002). Even though China is still leading the world population wise, with approximately 1.3 billion people, there is no doubt that the One-Child Policy has served to prevent that number from being up to three hundred million people more (Kahn 2004). However, many consequences have resulted from this policy, the most pressing one being the increasing gender imbalance.

As announced by the Chinese government in January 2005, the nationwide gender ratio is 119 boys per 100 girls born, while the rest of the world reports 105 boys born per 100 girls (Yardley 2005). This disparity is largely contributed to the high demand for males in rural areas, which make of seventy percent of China's total population (Junhong, pp. 262, 2001).

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