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Welfare rights movement

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civil law

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documents in English
term papers
5 pages
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  1. Introduction
  2. The case of King v. Smith
    1. The success of the case
  3. The appropriate regulation
  4. Goldberg v. Kelly
    1. Significance of the case
  5. Shapiro v. Thompson
  6. Success of the welfare rights movement
  7. The achievements of King, Goldberg, and Shapiro
  8. Welfare plight of African American's
  9. Conclusion

The successes and failures of any rights movements can be defined by the victories and losses in the courtroom. The welfare rights movement had forward leaps and backward stumbles in its duration from 1960 to 1973 and Supreme Court cases to coincide. The movement's successes can be seen in King v. Smith, 392 U.S. 309 (1968), Goldberg v. Kelly, 397 U.S. 254 (1970), and Shapiro v. Thompson, 394 U.S. 618 (1969) and its failures in Dandridge v. Williams, 397 U.S. 471 (1970) and San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 1 (1973). These court cases influenced the strength and direction of the welfare rights movements and continue to have further implications for overall contemporary issues of inequality.

Perhaps the first pertinent victory occurred with King v. Smith. The appellee was a single mother of four who received no support from her children's biological father and therefore qualified to receive benefits from the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC). However, the appellee had a boyfriend that came and stayed at her home a couple days of the week. When her caseworker found out that she had a boyfriend, her aid was taken away because of an Alabama ?substitute father? regulation. 392 U.S., at 312. The court case was filed as a class action suit to counter the validity of the regulation.

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