Texas civil rights, African Americans and Latinos, segregation, minorities, Texas civil rights movement, Carter Wesley, Lulu White, Maceo Smith, NAACP
The darkest times of our nation surrounded two major happenings. The initial occurrence was the institution of slavery. Second, the struggle for civil rights has plagued our country even through today. Texas has been a key state in each of these events. Research of the civil rights movement further illustrates Texas' involvement. Key figures, legislation, and issues revealed through research further exemplify the Texas involvement in the civil rights struggle for African Americans and Latinos.
[...] Origins of the civil rights movements. Simon and Schuster Guglielmo, Thomas A. "Fighting for Caucasian Rights: Mexicans, Mexican Americans, and the Transnational Struggle for Civil Rights in World War II Texas." The Journal of American History 92.4 (2006): 1212-1237. Orozco, Cynthia E. The Origins of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC) and the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement in Texas with an Analysis of Women's Political Participation in a Gendered Context, 1910-1929. University of California, Los Angeles, 1992. [...]
[...] The American G.I. Forum, Mexican American Legal Defense Fund, Raza Unida, and the League of United Latin American Citizens were some of the more influential organizations. (Morris) Key court cases Change in terms of education began with a specific case. The initial incident leading to the case took place at The University of Texas Law School. Herman Sweatt registered in 1946 to no avail. The postal worker, with the assistance of the NAACP, managed to reach the United States Supreme Court with the case. [...]
[...] Texas voting was a big focal point during the fight for civil rights. The legal system, work environments, housing, and access to public accommodations were also key areas of focus for activists. (Orozco) Individuals Individuals that lead the civil rights movement in Texas are numerous. The leaders combined forces with national civil rights figures to help fuel the movement. Returning veterans were especially influential in the fight for equal rights. Activists, educators, business owners, and lawyers each contributed to the Texas civil rights movement. [...]
[...] The change reached the presidency. Eisenhower became only the second Republican president to win the state's Electoral College at the time. (Morris) Lyndon B. Johnson became a figure of interest during the civil rights era. He was considered to be a progressive, often considered to be reminiscent of Lincoln. (Orozco) Following the untimely death of President John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson inherited office becoming the 36th president of the United States. From January 1965 to April 1968 Johnson implemented more legislation in regards to civil rights than any other president past or present. [...]
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