The Convention on the Rights of the Child and two Optional Protocols have marked a turning point in international law and children are essential tools in the implementation of national laws designed to stop crimes that are sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, children and other forms of sexual exploitation of children. Bangladesh has signed and ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography of children on 6 September 2000. It was one of the top ten countries in the world to ratify this instrument.
2. This is the initial report of Bangladesh on the status of implementation of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography Children (hereinafter the "Protocol"), subject to review by the Committee on the Rights of the Child under paragraph 1 of Article 12. The report was prepared by the Ministry of Women Affairs and Children and the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, together with relevant ministries and institutions working for children in accordance with the guidelines of the Committee (CRC / OP/SA/1). The report highlights the steps that Bangladesh has adopted so far to implement the provisions of the Protocol.
[...] Two of the most renowned NGO, the Committee on Rural Development and the Bangladesh Center for community education and science provide children with an education focused on practical skills. Their education program is essentially to educate children about the violations of their rights, violations of their freedom, sexual abuse, sexual exploitation and the consequences of early marriage. Both strategies are implemented to empower children to strengthen their capacities: Peer Education: This type of education, which is an important means of intervention aims to prevent child prostitution by making teenagers, especially girls, less vulnerable by giving them the means to act and developing their capacities. [...]
[...] 36) Bangladesh is also equipped with an arsenal of laws for the protection, maintenance and well being of the child, the more relevant in terms of the sale of children, child prostitution and of pornography featuring children as the following Sale of children 1.1 Act of 2000 on the Suppression of Violence against Women and Children 36. As amended in 2003, the Act defines a child as anyone under the age of 16 years. Article 6 provides that any person who buys or sells a child for illegal or contrary to morality or takes possession or exercises custody of a child for such purposes incurs the death penalty or life imprisonment, and a fine. [...]
[...] Signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its Optional Protocols, the Government of Bangladesh has made under the appropriate legal, administrative, social and economic to implement the provisions of the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children including those outlined below. Policies and legislation 68. A significant progress in recent years has been the development of the National Action Plan for Children, which is a tool available to the Government to give effect to the rights of the child in Bangladesh. [...]
[...] A committee was established under the Secretary of the Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs to put more laws into conformity with the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. The Secretary of the Ministry of the Interior, the Ministry of Women Affairs and Children, the Ministry of Social Welfare, the Ministry of Labor, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Land Affairs were also represented in this Committee, which held several meetings with other parties and all members have finally agreed to raise to 18 the upper limit of childhood in the following three laws: Courts Act 1879 Guardianship; The law on tobacco use by minors in 1919; The Mining Act of The committee's decision has already been approved by the cabinet and ministries have made the necessary preparations to send the bill to parliament for amendment. [...]
[...] The principle of participation in this form of the Child is a relatively new concept, yet little in practice, but has been introduced in legislation, for example in the Ordinance on the family courts in 1985, in the best interests of the child. This ordinance provides that judges are obliged to consult the child before making any decisions relating to their custody. The 1980 law on guardians and wards has about it, for example, that when the child has attained an age sufficient to express a preference reflected "the court must consider in designating or able to declare guardian will be responsible for the person or property The National Action Plan for Children is in these terms for the participation of one of its child elements: "Children will be involved in decision-making and the organization and management activities affecting their life and not treated as mere passive beneficiaries or recipients of services . [...]
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