Punishment, Rehabilitation, Criminals
In history, the citizen safety holds a fundamental priority in successive governments'policies protecting the basic human rights. Naturally, everyone is expected to respect the right calling for human safety at all places; walking along the street, relaxing at home or in public gatherings. For that reason, the government through the justice system and police unit responds swiftly each time the safety of human beings is threatened. For too long, human beings have overly relied on the criminal justice system to deliver that response: punishing offenders, protecting the public and reducing reoffending ( Ministry of Justice, 2010).
However, despite the huge cost incurred in maintaining the prison services to manage offenders, the mechanism meant for breaking the cycle of crime is yet to win the battle. This does not condemn the prison department to total failure, but rather highlights the modern trend creating new victims from prolific criminals reoffending after their release from custody. Criminality affects the whole world no matter the level of connection; the society has the primary responsibility to fix the
[...] Breaking the Cycle: Effective Punishment, Rehabilitation and Sentencing of offenders. Retrieved June from http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20120119200607/http:/www.justice.gov.uk/co nsultations/docs/breaking-the-cycle.pdf Beehive Forensics Institute. (2012, September). Rehabilitation Ought to be Valued about Retribution in the United states'Criminal Justice System. Retrieved June from http://bfi.utah.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Rehabilitation.pdf Bolton, E. (2010). Social Impact Bonds: Unlocking Investment in Rehabilitation. Social Finance, 1-10. Brooks, T. [...]
[...] Retrieved June from http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/06/05/when-to-punish-a-youngoffender-and-when-to-rehabilitate/michael-jacobson-thurs-am Okonkwo, R. D. (2012, June 5). Prison Does Not Make Good Citizens. Retrieved June from http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/06/05/when-to-punish-a-youngoffender-and-when-to-rehabilitate/prison-is-a-poor-deterrent-and-a-dangerouspunishment Roberts, J. V., & Hough, J. M. (2005). Understanding Public Attitudes to Criminal Justice. [...]
[...] Subsequently, there need to shift to other forms of correcting the offenders other than the customary 16 PUNISHMENT VS REHABILITATION FOR CRIMINALS incarceration that is yet to generate convincing argument supporting its continual application. Rehabilitation theory holds the view that punishment should aim at the reformation of offenders and assist their transition from criminal life to the law abiding citizen by rejecting crime out of their choice (Brooks, 2012). Continual punishment of offenders without rehabilitation involves dealing with the crime challenge temporarily by addressing symptoms rather than solving the root cause. Naturally, punishment offers short-term solutions that fail to generate the ideal approach of breaking the accelerating cycle of crime. [...]
[...] Secondly, there is reason to realize that some element of criminality cannot be whisked from the society easily. For instance, consider the elemental case of psychopaths, mentally ill persons, people acting under the heat of the moment, criminals who think they can escape detection, and gang members who have few other opportunities or who regard arrest and punishment as an accepted part of their life cycle are not likely to be deterred (Feinman, 2006). Frequently, cases of widespread crime perpetrated by individuals identified above is always caught the world unawares with the nature of the atrocities committed to the victims such as mass shootings outside U.S cinema halls, and stabbing of children in Chinese schools. [...]
[...] Feinman, J. M. (2006). Law One Hundred and One ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Gaita, R. (2013). Good and Evil: An Absolute Conception (18 ed.). London: Routledge. [...]
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