To enable the greatest number of healthy aging and maintain good quality of life, it is important to emphasize the role of nutrition in the prevention of aging.
Aging Population: The number of elderly is steadily increasing for several decades. According to the INSEE predictions for 2008, there would be in France 13 505 947 persons aged 64 years and older, this figure has doubled since 1950 for this population group. The largest increase is for the age group of 75-84 years. The increase in longevity has huge implications in particular pensions and health care. Also this group of individuals are subject to the risk of malnutrition, especially individuals hospitalized or living in institutions.
[...] They are so responsible, just as in a classical immune response, recognition and removal of foreign bodies penetrating the body. This system is so powerful that it makes difficult organ transplants. It is now well established that the immune competence, the ability possessed by the body to generate a normal immune response by producing either an antibody-mediated cellular immunity, and risk of disease depends on an adequate intake of nutrients. The cell-mediated immunity refers to the part of the immune system that involves T cells the humoral immunity in turn, includes any immune response involving B cells. [...]
[...] Diseases or conditions related to malnutrition are loss of strength and energy levels, weight loss and muscle mass, lower moral and apathy, poor skin condition and osteoporosis. The person becomes more susceptible to fractures, cardiovascular diseases, nervous system impairments which probably increases the risk of cognitive and mental disorders, and decreased immune function leading to increased susceptibility to catching infections, a delayed healing and therefore an extension of hospital admissions. The elderly: a population at risk The presence of disease and physiological changes related to age is that these individuals are more at risk of malnutrition than any other population group. [...]
[...] Avoiding industrial products, limit fast sugars (cakes, sweets, pastries), foods rich in carbohydrates in general (bread, refined pasta, rice) and an excessive consumption of alcohol. Finally, avoid smoking especially among people with Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Reference Calder P.C. and Kew, S. (2002) The immune system: a target for functional foods? British Journal of Nutrition, 88: S165-S176 Edgar J.D.M. (2006) Immunology, Philadelphia: Elsevier Limited Ezendam, J. and van Loveren, H. (2006) Probiotics: immunomodulation and evaluation of safety and efficacy, Nutrition Reviews, 64: 1-14 Gill, H. [...]
[...] Because these diseases affect the parties responsible for intestinal absorption of micronutrients, patients with these diseases suffer from iron deficiency, vitamin folic acid, vitamin B12, magnesium and calcium. This can have serious repercussions especially in children where growth retardation may occur. The inflammation prevents the absorption of nutrients by the intestine caused by intolerance to gluten, a protein found in some cereals mainly wheat, rye, barley and oats. Celiac disease is not food intolerance as it generates an immune response. [...]
[...] The reduction of immune defenses due to aging is manifested mainly by a decreased ability to fight infections. Inflammatory The inflammation is a phenomenon local reaction triggered by the presence of a foreign agent in the body. It is characterized by the following physical signs: redness, warmth, swelling and pain. It happens very quickly after it is injured. It aims to locate and eliminate the infectious agent or to heal the wound. Allergies and food intolerances An allergic reaction occurs when a food normally harmless (allergen) causes an immune response. [...]
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