Abortion is an issue that has probably become one of the most controversial issues that are debated in the United States and in other countries today. Different schools of thoughts have different ideas and opinions regarding abortion, some ideas are pro-abortion and some argue for the abolishment of it. Abortion is one of the most complex problems that are dividing America with either side being so much passionate about their stand and triggers hatred of the other side. The problem of abortion is so controversial that not many people would maintain a neutral stand about it. The abortion problem is also very complicated and brings a lot of arguments that nobody knows what the right answer should be since the issue of abortion both have its pros and cons.
In order to fully understand the complexity of the abortion issue, this paper aims to first define what abortion is and then to enumerate the arguments of both the pros and cons sides of the issue. This paper will also aim to enumerate all the ethical and legal issues that are being associated with the abortion problem.
[...] Roe claimed that by denying her request to have an abortion performed by a licensed physician, the state of Texas is abridging her right of personal privacy which should be protected by the five amendments of the constitution namely; First, Fourth, Fifth, Ninth and Fourteenth Amendment and that because of this, she would sue in behalf of all other women (Baird, Robert M. and Stuart E. Rosenbuam 1989). One of the justices presiding over the case, Justice Blackmum, concluded that the decision to undergo an abortion procedure is indeed protected by the right of personal privacy in the due process clause which is included in the Fourteenth Amendment. [...]
[...] Several questions must first be discussed and answered in order to determine the morality and the ethics that is involved in the abortion decision. One legal issue of abortion involves the debate to determine whether the fetus should already be considered as a complete person or not. Pro-life supporters believe that the fetus upon conception should already be considered as a complete person and therefore should be given full rights and protection and therefore the process of abortion is like and act of murdering the person inside the womb. [...]
[...] The legalization of abortion further protects women whose health is threatened due to pregnancy. Women with kidney disease, heart disease, severe hypertension, severe diabetes and other diseases has been helped by the availability of abortion to avert serious life threatening medical complications which could have resulted if the women undergo complete pregnancy and childbirth. The legalization of abortion has guaranteed a woman's right to her own person and her right to decide what she wants to do with her own body. [...]
[...] The legalization of abortion makes sure that every child that is brought out of the world is a wanted child. The legalization of abortion creates a hope for redemption for women who are raped and impregnated by people that they despise. Women who were raped should not be further burdened by their suffering by forcing them to push through with the pregnancy of a child that is conceived by means of rape or molestation. Negative By choosing abortion, the child that is in the womb does not get a chance at life and this is looked down upon by a lot of religion. [...]
[...] ABORTION AND PHILOSOPHY: So Is Abortion Moral or Immoral? Different philosophers are also divided on the abortion issue as one group would argue in defense of abortion while others argue against it. The arguments of these philosophers basically fall under the notion that the morality of abortion is concerned with the resolution of two conflicting claims namely; the claim of the mother against the claim of the fetus and that one group of philosophers would readily defend the claims of the mother against the fetus while the other group claims the vise versa. [...]
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