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08 Aug 2022

The United States and the end of the Cold War (1989-1990)

Course material - 4 pages - Modern history

President George H. Bush was elected in November 1988. He had to steer the end of the Cold War, 1989-1990. His team was different from Reagan's, although he had been his vice-president: there were no neo-conservatives; the new Administration was more adept of Kissinger's prudent...

26 Jul 2022
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The Cold War (1947-1991)

Course material - 3 pages - Modern history

The expression used for the first time in 1947 and popularized by the journalist Walter Lippmann is the name given to the international relationships between 1947 and 1991. It was a military and ideological conflict concerning every aspect (economy, ideology, propaganda, science, conquest of...

08 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: The US and the Cold War (1945-1980)

Course material - 5 pages - Modern history

The goal of this document is to stress the main thrust of American strategy in the Cold War in order to understand the legacy of the Cold War on American foreign policy today. The main structures of US foreign policy and foreign policy establishment and instruments,...

09 Jul 2013
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Cold war: More often than not, superpowers, rather than causing regional conflicts, were reluctantly drawn into them

Essay - 7 pages - Political science

The Cold War, besides being fought initially against an European-dominated background, was also extended to the Third World later. This globalization of the Cold War is inextricably linked to the entanglement of the two superpowers, the United States (US) and the...

29 Nov 2013
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Reagan and the end of the Cold War: help or hindrance

Case study - 6 pages - Social sciences

The ending of the cold war is recorded in history as a period where moral, economic and ethical consideration overruled ideological and cultural inheritance and thus saved the world from another world war. In history and international studies, the end of the cold...

22 Nov 2012
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Cold War essay: Why did the Cold War begin in Europe (1945-1949)?

Case study - 1 pages - Political science

Following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, Vladimir Lenin caused the West to mistrust Russia: he abandoned WWI with the Brest-Litovsk Treaty, reneged on all debts of the Tsar, privatized industry, and established the Cominterm. Communism, the guiding principle of the USSR, was incompatible with...

07 Mar 2011
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Analyze the evolution of the Cold War between 1945 and 1949

Thesis - 5 pages - Modern history

After the end of the Second World War, the victorious Allies split the post-war world between them. With each superpower focusing on their personal ideological interests, historians have found critical information that would foreshadow future tensions between the Big Three. The...

07 Mar 2011
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Was the Khrushchev period (1953-64) a period of thaw in the Cold War?

Thesis - 6 pages - Modern history

Since the start of the Cold War in 1945, it seemed as if both the USSR and the USA, the two most powerful and influential superpowers, were set to be opponents in the game for world domination. Indeed, as no actual fighting and direct collision between the two nations took place, it...

29 Sep 2010
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The Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE) in the post cold-war Europe

Essay - 5 pages - International relations

The CSCE (Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe) was born with the Helsinki final act in 1975, as the territorial statu quo seemed definitely taken for granted by both the communist block and western countries. On the 1st of August 1975, 35 heads of states from Europe, the US and...

29 Sep 2010
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The period from 1948 to 1953 was a phase of high intensity in Cold War history and decisively shaped the future of the European continent. Analyse the events in Europe in this period and their meaning for European integration.

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

After World War II, Europe was destroyed and two superpowers emerged; the United States and the USSR. The United States was the only state to have the atomic bomb and used the massive weapon against Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, and the USSR was important because of the fight against Nazi...

13 Jan 2009
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Africa: a cold war proxy field?

Essay - 6 pages - Political science

In most discourses about International Relations, Africa is described as a ‘victim' of external powers - namely its former colonisers, the United States and, as far as the Cold War period is concerned, the Soviet Union. For instance, it is said that African wars in the...

15 Jan 2009
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Explain and Illustrate the concept of "limited war" in the context of the cold war

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

After 1945, the parallel rises of US and USSR, emerged two superpowers in competition at all levels, fighting for hegemony on the post war world. Characterized by the possession of the nuclear weapon, obtained and used in 1945 by the United States and developed in USSR in 1949, this new...

16 Jan 2009
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The Cold war and the Cuban missile crisis

Essay - 6 pages - Modern history

Understanding the Cold War, it is central to understand the history of the 2nd half of the 20th century. Between 1945 and 1991, there were lots of casualties in more than 100 wars that took place in the 3rd World in that period. Moreover, most of the crisis that threatened to...

15 Jan 2009
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During the Cold War, what role did oil play in driving western intervention to the Middle East?

Essay - 5 pages - Modern history

After the Second World War in 1945, a new world order came up: Western Europe had to recover from the damages the war caused, and the US and the Soviet Union were competing against each other for power in a Cold War period. During this era, lasting up to the collapse...

12 Jan 2009
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US policy towards the Taliban since the end of the cold war

Thesis - 2 pages - International relations

The withdrawal of Soviet troops in 1989 did not provoke the fall of Najibullah's communist regime, but rather the beginning of Civil war between the different factions and ethnics. The US was officially not interested anymore in that part of the world and focused primarily in Europe....

15 Jan 2009
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Mozambique: a cold war conflict?

Essay - 4 pages - Medieval history

The colonization of Mozambique by Portugal began in the 15th century. The first settling was made in 1498, near the mouth of Zambezi River by Vasco de Gama himself. A few years later, the Portuguese founded a city in Lourenço Marques bay, nowadays known as Maputo. Thanks to the trade of slaves...

30 Nov 2009
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Examine and analyze the importance of Germany in the Cold War

Thesis - 4 pages - Modern history

There was a wide spread debate between USA and USSR regarding Germany. The issue gained significance during the cold war, though there were other factors which were responsible for the development of cold war, the Germany factor was an important one. The administration...

09 Jul 2008
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The Cold War

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

Communism is a political structure based on economic principles that promote the establishment of a classless society in which everything is commonly owned. (“Communism” Par 1) On the contrary, Capitalism is based on the principle that land and means of production can be privately...

13 Jul 2008
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Does the origins of the Cold War lie in the politics of the Second World War?

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

Although the first half of the twentieth century had been more hectic because of the frequent battles of the opposing powers in the two world wars, the second half of the century, the decades of the Cold War can be characterised as more tense because of the lack of direct...

16 May 2008
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Tension Through Melodies: Music of the Cold War

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

Music serves as a reflection of a society. When a society is prospering, the music is noticeably happier, such as the Big Band phenomenon in the roaring 20's. The same principle applies to a society going through rough times, such as jazz during the years of the Great Depression. The...

03 Oct 2007
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The Cold War: A Change in Policy

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

After the defeat of the Axis powers in World War II, two super powers remained in the world: the United States and the Soviet Union. These two nations had very different views about the world and their political regimes were polar opposites. During the beginning of the Cold...

18 Feb 2022

The Impact of Wars and Violence in Scotland - Analysis of an excerpt of Fleshmarket by Nicola Morgan (2016) and of the oil canvas "The Battle of Culloden" by David Morier (1746)

Artwork commentary - 6 pages - Literature

Scotland has often been portrayed as an unstable nation in the midst of violent conflicts both before and after the Acts of Union in 1707. This set of documents consists of two literary works and a pictorial work, spanning the period following the said Acts of Union, from 1746 to 1895, which is...

06 Apr 2023

Jane Eyre - Charlotte Brontë (1847) ; The Handmaid's Tale - Margaret Atwood (1985) ; Kissing the War Goodbye - Victor Jorgensen (1945) - How have British and American artists dealt with feminism in relationships through time?

Text commentary - 3 pages - Art history

We will study this through three documents. The first document is the novel "Jane Eyre", written by Charlotte Brontë and published in 1847 in London. It is a coming-of-age novel: indeed, we follow the story of Jane, a young orphan girl who lives with her aunt, Mrs. Reed, and her cousins, John,...

18 Aug 2017
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Economic development since the Second World war - (Developed vs. Developing World)

Essay - 5 pages - Economy general

After the Second World War, there have been significant changes in all aspects of life. The increasing concerns about the economic development caught much attention of economists. It is during this era that the European colonization ended and the world seemed to be divided into two parts...

16 Jan 2015
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Anpo: Art X War: The Art of Resistance

Case study - 2 pages - Educational studies

This paper is set out to examine and explore the history of the Japanese culture and how it came to be used to display their resistance towards the Americans presence in Japan. The American presence had been brought about by the signing of Anpo between Japan and America after the end of the...

30 Oct 2018
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The growth, development, and changes in American society after the Civil War

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

Theodore Geisel wrote children's books for adults. Eric Foner wrote a text designed to challenge student ideas about America's progression toward a more inclusive society. Professor Jamieson picked books and movies designed to encourage you to consider the theme of the class--what is...

18 Aug 2014
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US Army Innovation in Time of War: The Radar Technology

Case study - 3 pages - Educational studies

Radar technology uses radio waves to detect metallic items. It is used by all sections of the military to tract flying or sailing vessels. Today, it is even used to track objects moving on the ground. In addition, advancements in this field have resulted in the ability to predict intended targets...

08 Oct 2015
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Economic and policy issues from the spill : Gulf war oil spill of 1991

Essay - 3 pages - Ecology & environment

In any oil spill, looking at the economic issues that are raised, the first parameter that is used is the number of gallons of oils that were spilt to measure the loss that was suffered in monetary terms. In the case of the gulf war oil spill of 1991, it caused the loss of millions of...

13 Jan 2009
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How has the nature of war changed? Has it changed the way of making peace?

Essay - 6 pages - Journalism

“War appears to be as old as mankind, but peace is a modern invention” . This quotation of Sir Henry Maine seems obvious: wars have been a common feature of mankind history. On the other hand, implementation of durable peace, and not only end of the war, is a more...

29 Sep 2010
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The political involvement in the context of war: A moral dilemma for NGOS

Essay - 7 pages - International relations

Nowadays, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) are subject to ethical dilemmas when it comes to accomplishing their goals. When helping people, irrespective of the approach used, it is important to consider both the environment, to adapt oneself to it and the consequences of the aid provided....