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03 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: Globalization in Historical Perspective

Course material - 8 pages - Modern history

The concept of globalization is not new: in his Communist Manifesto, in 1848, Karl Marx underlined that the bourgeoisie needed constantly expanding markets. Some distinctions are important. Globalization happens, or at least is discussed, in the context of several different fields, in which it...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World - Transnational problems today as seen from Washington

Course material - 12 pages - Political science

In the document issued in September 2002, "The National Security Strategy of the USA", two essential goals of US national policy were stressed: the defeat of "Global terrorism" and "to prevent our enemies from threatening us, our allies, and our friends with weapons of mass destruction". Those...

08 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: The US and the Cold War (1945-1980)

Course material - 5 pages - Modern history

The goal of this document is to stress the main thrust of American strategy in the Cold War in order to understand the legacy of the Cold War on American foreign policy today. The main structures of US foreign policy and foreign policy establishment and instruments, still in place today, were...

01 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: Bush's Second Term and Current Trends in the US Foreign Policy Establishment

Course material - 9 pages - Political life and election

After Bush's re-election in November 2004, there were some doubts about the kind of policy he would now follow, after the occupation of Iraq had revealed itself as a much more difficult undertaking than what the Administration had contemplated. Many felt at the time the President would vastly...

08 Dec 2022

Future Opportunities, Threats, Challenges and Goals of the European Union

Essay - 4 pages - European union

The European Union is the largest and most successful political and economic union in the world, making it a key player. Research on the European Union focuses mainly on its construction, its functioning, the challenges and threats it faces. Our research aims to examine the...

31 Jul 2022

The Interplay of National and European Considerations in the Foreign Policy of EU Members - France and Germany

Course material - 11 pages - Political science

Since the origins of the European project, Europe has depended on close Franco-German cooperation. As we have seen, all the big moves forward were possible because of the basic Franco-German agreement; the last major instance was Maastricht in 1992. The other countries had to follow. Of course,...

07 Aug 2018

Anatomy of the Russian disinformation campaign: understanding the complexity of a covert network as part of state policy and a military tool against Europe

Tutorials/exercises - 73 pages - Journalism

About two decades ago, it was impossible to imagine that foreign disinformation could actually affect the policy decision making or disturb social cohesion and solidarity in European countries. Back then, media outlets such as television, radio stations and newspapers enjoyed munificent funding...

15 Jan 2021

The United States in the Economy

Course material - 25 pages - International economy

Globalization is a contest content, it can have a negative view; responsible of outsourcing, massive unemployment (Europe), positive view; eliminate discrimination, global general culture, universalism. A complex reality, positive & negative sides. Is a process of interaction and integration...

17 May 2009

A critical examination of the European Union's commitment and approach to promoting democracy and Human Rights in accession candidate countries and elsewhere in the world

Thesis - 10 pages - European union

The current image of European Union's democracy promotion is marred by the discrepancies of member states' attitude vis-à-vis the Chinese violation of the Human Rights. In contrast to most European countries, Great Britain and Germany have already claimed that they will not assist to the opening...

25 Sep 2009

The world monetary situation: A fresh look

Thesis - 7 pages - Economy general

Peaceful heat of exhausted dog-days fluttered around the Federal Reserve Board building on C Street, Washington, DC. It was noon and time for another monthly open-to-the- public “brown bag” seminar. Experience must have taught the organizers not to expect mobs thirsting for detailed...

28 Jul 2014

Significance of Balance of Power- International Relations

Case study - 4 pages - Educational studies

Balance of power is the most influential theoretical idea in international relations. Balance of power theory in the world wars came from the multipolar world. According to Waltz's (2000: 55-6), friends and enemies tend to react to threats or predominance among themselves by...

16 Jan 2009

Assess hegemonic stability theory and how this relates to US foreign policy during the Clinton to G.W.Bush administrations

Essay - 7 pages - International relations

In 1970 Liberalism tried to create a revolution: international relations should be thought of using the study of economic interdependence, a key concept where states are affected by decisions taken by others. Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye insisted on economic facts of the early 1970s as the...

15 Jan 2009

China & Japan

Essay - 8 pages - International relations

Sino-Japanese relationships are very complex. Historically, both countries have known a kind of “Golden Age” when they dominated the Pacific region. Before the arrival of the Europeans, China was dominant. Then Japan modernized a lot during the Meiji Era (1868) and became superior. Even...

29 Sep 2010

What is the role of the state in international Politics? - published: 29/09/2010

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

International Politics is based upon two main theories, Realism and Liberalism. These theories are conventionally opposed, and therefore give two different interpretations of world politics. This essay will focus on the stances of these theories upon the role of the state. However, before...

22 Aug 2005

Is multilateralism still viable today?

Thesis - 5 pages - International relations

After WWII, various multilateral organizations have been promoted by the US and implemented through many international organizations such as the UN, the GATT and the IMF. Overtime, multilateral co-operation dramatically developed in different forms (Summits, Conferences, etc...). However, critics...

24 Jul 2006

What is the role of the state in international Politics?

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

International Politics are based upon two main theories, Realism and Liberalism, which are conventionally opposed, and therefore give two different interpretations of world politics. This essay will focus on the stances of these theories upon the role of the state. But before assessing...

16 Jan 2009

What are the most significant long-term external trends that will affect the role of the EU in 2020 to 2050?

Essay - 10 pages - European union

By 2025, Europe will represent only 6% of the world population, and its relative share of global wealth and trade will have shrunk. Contentious economic and welfare reforms as well as the integration of a growing migrant population will be among the key internal challenges for many EU...

29 Sep 2010

The return of History and the end of dreams

Book review - 5 pages - Political science

In the early 1990s, Fukuyama predicted the End of History. One is witnessing a shift in geopolitics, moving from a unipolar world to a multipolar one, or even bipolar according to Chinese scholars like Jin Carong, special advisor in foreign policy for the Government . As Kagan wrote...

25 May 2010

Arab-Israeli conflict: From Copenhagen to Beijing and Washington to Jerusalem: American-Israeli relations cooling off

Thesis - 12 pages - International relations

Since the dawn of the industrial revolution there have been two consistent interlocking themes behind Middle Eastern-Great Power interactions. First, Great Powers have a tendency to view the Middle East as a strategic commodity, because of its geographic location and vital natural resources....

29 Sep 2010

The United States foreign policy orientation in the Middle East after September 11 in a neorealist perspective

Essay - 4 pages - International relations

September 11, 2001 brought changes to the rules of the international system established at the end of the Cold War. The collapse of the Soviet Union allowed the United States to reign at the top of the international area. It was able to dominate the world as the only superpower in...

24 Nov 2014

Income Inequality evidence and Policy Representation- American Politics

Case study - 3 pages - Social sciences

There is incontrovertible evidence that the American income inequality has increased, while the social mobility has reduced. It is widely known that states with higher income inequality have lower social mobility, in cases of income-based definition of mobility. This implies that increasing...

16 Apr 2014

The Kashmir conflict

Case study - 6 pages - Educational studies

When we speak about Kashmir, we think at first of this multitude of conflicts which concerns the history of this country. This territory situated in South Asia is a junction point of India, Pakistan and China. It always generated enormous desire. Without dwell upon the long lineage of dynasties...

16 Jul 2021

Myths and Heroes - Can we wonder how can an ordinary person make the world a better place?

Essay - 2 pages - Humanities/philosophy

I'm going to talk about the notion of 'Myths and heroes'. I first would like to define this notion. A myth is a fictive story in which a hero achieves great things, sacrifices himself and can give his life for the good mankind. However, a hero can also be someone who inspires others,...

29 Aug 2006

Is NATO still relevant ?

Essay - 7 pages - International relations

General De Gaulle once said that all alliances are like roses: they wither and decay. NATO might be a counter-example or it might not. While during the Munich Conference, the US Deputy Secretary of Defense, Paul Wolfowitz, claimed “As an alliance we have never been stronger. We have never...

29 Sep 2010

The 'levels of analysis' device is often employed in order to better understand and explain outcomes in international politics. Evaluate the different levels of analysis used by Classical and Neo-Realist

Essay - 10 pages - International relations

'Man is by nature a political animal'. For every realist, Aristotle could be a respectable ancestry more than Machiavelli, who was closer to the classical realist theory. The Realist family is not the oldest, but maybe the simplest one, and the first one to formulate a real answer, and a...

10 Jul 2008

A descriptive study of international business potentials: From China to Asia pacific rim countries and vice versa ( Data and graphs included )

Tutorials/exercises - 32 pages - Business strategy

The present study is an exploration of the international business potential of China with other countries in the Asia Pacific Rim and vice versa. Moreover, the study employed a descriptive design in order to thoroughly explain all factors that account for economic conditions of the country. The...

11 Mar 2010

Inhibitory brainstem circuits and changes in hearing loss

Thesis - 7 pages - Medical studies

The goal of this proposal is to make a detailed and ultra-structural analysis of olivocochlear and intra-cochlear circuits in the auditory system of the CBA/J, DBA/2J. CBA/J mice represent a model for normal hearing; DBA/2J mice exhibit early onset, progressive hearing loss that is a model for...

08 Apr 2021

Spaces and exchanges - To what extent have the Great Britain's changes influenced the whole world?

Essay - 2 pages - Sociology

I am going to ponder over the notion 'spaces and exchanges'. So before all, let me introduce it. The beauty and the richness of our world is due to the multitude of countries and communities, with different cultures. Each area is special in its history, its language, its customs,...

04 Jul 2017

Why did Russia withdraw from World War I?

Essay - 2 pages - Modern history

Russia's retreat from world War one was mainly due poor leadership that started in the early stages of the war. The reasons for Russia's withdrawal from WW1 will be outlined in this paper. When Russia entered the war, the political leaders aimed to use the war as a uniting factor...

09 Mar 2015

"IPod world" End of Society

Case study - 2 pages - Business strategy

Technological changes have taken effect over the years and everyone is noticing except for those who think that the society is still normal as it used to be. Many people have observed and written about the potential negative effects of technology on the society. The society is slowly dying as...