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09 Jun 2023

Phrases (Peace - Defense - Disarmament) and... bases - Viktor Govorkov (1952) - Relations between the United States and the USSR in the early 1950s

Artwork commentary - 2 pages - Modern history

On March 12, 1947, the President of the United States, Harry S. Truman, announced his concern about the "Communist threat" before Congress. He thus establishes the American doctrine: "I believe that the United States should support free peoples who resist attempts at enslavement [...]. I believe...

06 Dec 2010
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The status of Caspian 15 years after the fall of the USSR

Thesis - 27 pages - International relations

Until 1991, when the Soviet Union ended, the Caspian was controlled by two States, the USSR and, to a more limited extent, Iran. The dissolution of the USSR and the emergence of three new coastal states have changed this balance. The Caspian Sea is now acquiring an international...

15 Jan 2009
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China and the USSR in the 1950's: Has China been a satellite-State of the Soviet Union?

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

Stalin used to say: “Sincere diplomacy is no more possible than dry water or wooden iron”: this quote can perfectly apply to the relations that the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union have fostered during the first years of the creation of the People's Republic of China....

11 Nov 2008
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The effect of USSR on Cuba

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

The second half of the 20th century saw a great deal of USSR involvement in Cuba economically, politically, and militarily. The USSR contributed large amounts of money, weapons, subsidized goods, and other aid to the Cuban government lead by Fidel Castro. Cuba underwent a great many...

01 Jan 2024

Ukraine joining the European Union: myth or reality?

Essay - 1 pages - International relations

Ukraine is an Eastern European country located between Poland and Russia. However, it is not a member of the European Union, which is a unique partnership between 27 European countries, known as Member States, or EU countries. This country has shown interest in joining the EU since 1993, two...

26 Jul 2022
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The Cold War (1947-1991)

Course material - 3 pages - Modern history

The expression used for the first time in 1947 and popularized by the journalist Walter Lippmann is the name given to the international relationships between 1947 and 1991. It was a military and ideological conflict concerning every aspect (economy, ideology, propaganda, science, conquest of...

08 Aug 2022

The United States and the World: The US and the Cold War (1945-1980)

Course material - 5 pages - Modern history

The goal of this document is to stress the main thrust of American strategy in the Cold War in order to understand the legacy of the Cold War on American foreign policy today. The main structures of US foreign policy and foreign policy establishment and instruments, still in place today, were...

09 Aug 2022

Analytical Report on a Conflict and Conflict Management: The War of the Sands

Tutorials/exercises - 15 pages - International relations

In 1956, Morocco claimed sovereignty over parts of the Sahara which were under Moroccan influence, “the Greater Morocco”. Interested in Algerian Sahara because of recently discovered resources, France tried to trade these territories against a common organization responsible for...

08 Aug 2022

The United States and the end of the Cold War (1989-1990)

Course material - 4 pages - Modern history

President George H. Bush was elected in November 1988. He had to steer the end of the Cold War, 1989-1990. His team was different from Reagan's, although he had been his vice-president: there were no neo-conservatives; the new Administration was more adept of Kissinger's prudent line....

14 Jan 2024

The Social Contract (pros/cons)

Essay - 2 pages - Law's history and philosophy

According to Rousseau, justice cannot be defined as "the right of the strongest". If justice were so, the most powerful individuals would always be the right ones. Hence, he develops the idea that freedom is our self regulation. This is the reason why the well-known philosopher developed a new...

30 Jul 2022

The development and failure of the European system (1815-1945)

Course material - 7 pages - Modern history

There was a European system before the current European Union. Its roots went back to the 17th century and the Westphalian peace of 1648. It reached its maturity during the 19th century, after the Vienna Congress, and under the impression of 25 years of revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It was...

07 Jan 2014
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The Consequences of World War Two

Case study - 6 pages - Educational studies

A shift in the world axis of power is seen as the major result of the war. Power shifted from Europe because most of the countries had been crippled by the war and their economies were left yearning for intervention. The war had taken place against a backdrop of world depression which made it...

07 Mar 2011
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Was the Khrushchev period (1953-64) a period of thaw in the Cold War?

Thesis - 6 pages - Modern history

Since the start of the Cold War in 1945, it seemed as if both the USSR and the USA, the two most powerful and influential superpowers, were set to be opponents in the game for world domination. Indeed, as no actual fighting and direct collision between the two nations took place, it was...

09 Jul 2013
pdf

History 9067/3: international history, 1945 - 1991 - published: 09/07/2013

Case study - 4 pages - Modern history

On 24 June 1948, Stalin of the Soviet Union, or USSR, blocked all ground and water access from West Germany to West Berlin. In response, the US brought supplies into West Berlin from the air. This, known as the Berlin airlift, lasted for almost a year. Then, on 12 May 1949, the blockade,...

15 Jan 2009
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Explain and Illustrate the concept of "limited war" in the context of the cold war

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

After 1945, the parallel rises of US and USSR, emerged two superpowers in competition at all levels, fighting for hegemony on the post war world. Characterized by the possession of the nuclear weapon, obtained and used in 1945 by the United States and developed in USSR in 1949, this...

10 Jan 2011
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International relations from 1944 to 1946

Thesis - 3 pages - Modern history

In 1944, the world entered its sixth year of conflict. Thus, the desire for peace and reconstruction could be felt increasingly in international relations. And so, the leaders of major powers in this period of history, such as the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics...

13 Jan 2009
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The influence of Socrealism in Poland

Essay - 10 pages - Arts and art history

Socrealism is „an attempt to translate Marxism into the sphere of art” . This term appeared first in 1932 in the soviet press. It is, more formally, an artistic current; it was indeed the official art trend imposed by the Communist regimes. It originates in the Union of Socialist and...

22 Nov 2012
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Cold War essay: Why did the Cold War begin in Europe (1945-1949)?

Case study - 1 pages - Political science

Following the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, Vladimir Lenin caused the West to mistrust Russia: he abandoned WWI with the Brest-Litovsk Treaty, reneged on all debts of the Tsar, privatized industry, and established the Cominterm. Communism, the guiding principle of the USSR, was...

27 Jan 2011
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Germany in the middle of international relations of 1945 to 1990

Essay - 4 pages - Modern history

On February 11, 1945, at the Yalta conference, even before its capitulation was signed, Germany was aware of its defeat against its counterparts. The Allies, the United States, Great Britain, the USSR and France, united for the occasion against the common enemy, Nazism, decided that if...

15 Jan 2009
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Space Race

Essay - 9 pages - Journalism

The Space Race was an informal competition between the United States and the Soviet Union that lasted from 1957 to 1975. It involved the parallel efforts by each of those countries to explore space with artificial satellites, to send humans into space, and to land people on the Moon. Space was a...

19 Jan 2009
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What was 'Tito's way', and how successful was it?

Essay - 3 pages - Philosophy

Looking back at the time after the end of communism (Cuba and today's China being particular and Chavez not a communist), we basically find only three different ways of communism; the original one, the Lenino-Stalinism in the USSR, the latter one, China's Maoism, and finally the...

01 Apr 2010
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The US-Soviet conflicts in World War II

Essay - 1 pages - Modern history

There were many conflicts between the U.S. and the USSR during World War II as the alliance between the two countries was held together only by their common desire to defeat Germany and Japan, not by any common ideology. A new conflict arose from the question of security. At the Yalta...

29 Sep 2010
doc

In your view could the collapse of socialism/ communism have been avoided or postponed in Central and Eastern Europe?

Essay - 3 pages - Political science

The main issue is indeed to know whether the system of the Soviet Union could have been reformed in order to last longer. Some reforms could have been conceivable but they were so deep, so huge that it would have led to a complete transformation of the whole system with, for example, redefining...

24 Sep 2010
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US/Chinese foreign relations, from Sino-Soviet split to Nixon's visit to Beijing

Tutorials/exercises - 11 pages - International relations

China, the world's most populous nation, came under communist rule in 1949. In the previous decades, the Chinese Empire had been racked by political turmoil. In 1911, the collapse of the imperial Manchu dynasty instigated the rise of regional warlords and of revolutionary and reformist...

07 Mar 2011
doc

Analyze the evolution of the Cold War between 1945 and 1949

Thesis - 5 pages - Modern history

After the end of the Second World War, the victorious Allies split the post-war world between them. With each superpower focusing on their personal ideological interests, historians have found critical information that would foreshadow future tensions between the Big Three. The harmony which...

05 Nov 2014
pdf

The Russian Revolution

Case study - 6 pages - Educational studies

Joseph Stalin was one of the major dictators under the Union Soviet Socialist Republics between 1929 and 1953. He did not only leave a profound effect on USSR's history, but also in the world because he was among the most powerful dictators. His impacts on the 20th century were greater...

03 May 2007
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The Collapse of a Superpower

Thesis - 4 pages - Modern history

After World War I, Communism reigned in Russia, which became known as the Soviet Union (USSR). As Karl Marx said, Communism would only be successful if it occurred as a worldwide revolution; thus by its nature, Communism needed to spread. Therefore, after World War II, the Western...

29 Sep 2010
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The period from 1948 to 1953 was a phase of high intensity in Cold War history and decisively shaped the future of the European continent. Analyse the events in Europe in this period and their meaning for European integration.

Essay - 3 pages - Modern history

After World War II, Europe was destroyed and two superpowers emerged; the United States and the USSR. The United States was the only state to have the atomic bomb and used the massive weapon against Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, and the USSR was important because of the fight...

15 Jan 2009
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Was there ever any realistic chance of an accommodation between the United States and the People's Republic of China in 1949/50?

Essay - 6 pages - International relations

In early 1949, China was a nationalist country, ruled by Chiang Kai-shek and sustained by the United States. At the same time, the Chinese Communists were rebelling and ruling large parts of the country, and were constantly progressing. It was obvious that they were soon going to rule the...

29 Sep 2010
doc

The Cuban case

Essay - 10 pages - International relations

In this document, we find answers to the questions: To what extent did the particular situation of Cuba in the post Second World War era influence the international relations theory? According to the current international relations theory, what are the perspectives for Cuba today? International...