In August 1914, after months of a prolonging crisis and tension, the Great War broke out, abruptly interrupting any artistic activity in Europe. Indeed, those who had helped launch the first wave of new ideas of the twentieth century by their avant-garde trends were mobilized.
It is in the context of the war along came the attitudes and new artistic movements. They were characterized by their violence and their desire to merge art and reality. Painters mobilized for conflict returned with the intention to testify in their works to the horror of conflict in which they participated by representing the war with its violence and its victims maimed (Otto Dix). By their denunciation of the atrocities of this war and its consequences, it also receives their revolt and their incomprehension at a world absurd and cruel.
Painter, draftsman and printmaker German Otto Dix was born in Unthermaus near Gera (province of Thuringia, Germany) in 1891. He was first a pupil of a painter and decorator from 1905 to 1909. In 1910, he joined the School of Decorative Arts in Dresden. During this training in one of the main centers of Expressionism, he became fascinated by the innovations of the Blaue Reiter movement Die Brikke and the concept of futurism.
In 1914, he voluntarily engaged in war. The war was the main theme of his works (his prints abound in horrific hallucinations). Otto Dix served in France until 1916, then in 1918, he was sent to the Eastern Front in 1917.
Back in Dresden in 1919, he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and became one of the co-founders of Dresdner Secession (exhibition of Dresden). Otto began with Impressionism and Cubism with a decorative before embarking on the Dada movement in 1920. Also member of the Novembergruppe, he befriended Conrad Felixmuller and produced collages. Duusseldorf was established in 1921, he was prosecuted for pornography but was acquitted.
Nevertheless, his painting "Living It was confiscated in Darmstadt. After the First World War, Dix painted essentially in graphic style, turbulent and aggressive, and the paintings were met by an intense palette of cool colors which were strident ("Trenches", 1920-1923).
Tags: German Art,Otto Dix,Impressionism and Cubism
[...] I paint these paintings because I know it happened like that and not otherwise.” In 1961, he said in another interview: "This war is something bestial: hunger, lice, mud, all these do not sound good. It is quite another thing. Here, before my first paintings, I felt that not one aspect of reality had yet been painted: like War. It was a horrible thing and yet sublime. I had to be there at all costs. " Artistically, it is therefore easy to perceive the horror of battles in which he participated. [...]
[...] Their paintings were essentially characterized by distorted shapes of their works and the use of bright colors. The group moved to Berlin in 1910 and separated in contention in 1913. Cubism art movement, founded in 1907 by Picasso, was of figurative painting and rejected the illusion of reality on a flat surface to show the object with simple geometric shapes. Dada revolt (so named in 1916) first appeared during the First World War in the Western intellectual and artistic circles (Zurich, Berlin, Cologne and Paris) and resulted in a radical rethinking of traditional modes of expression (provocation, irony, public events). [...]
[...] In his "Temptation of St. Anthony" (1944), the painting strangely had serene poetry. In of his works were confiscated, either sold or destroyed by the Nazis. Otto Dix continued to participate in exhibitions in Munich and Dresden and at the end of the war in 1945, he was a prisoner of war in France. The Federal Republic and the Democratic Republic of Germany (FRG and GDR) paid him tribute on the occasion of his 75th anniversary in 1966. Glossary of art terms used Academy: derogatory term denoting a lack of originality among artists, too attached to the forms or the rules of a school. [...]
[...] Study of a work by Otto Dix " The War "(1929-1932) The work is a triptych (mixed media on wood, central panel: 204x204 cm, side panels: 204xl02 cm, predella: 6Ox204 cm) painted by Otto Dix between 1929 and 1932 keeping the Gemo / Neue degalerie Meisfer Dresden of Germany . Each of these three panels of the table describes a particular time of day war. First, one can see on the left panel, two soldiers deep into the morning mist, they are in their uniforms, armed and ready for the war. [...]
[...] The term "New Objectivity" was put into circulation in 1923 by GF Hartlaub, then the Kunsthalle Mannheim not only seeks to bring together artists for exhibition (which took place in 1925), but to appoint a new attitude for the apparent failure of "the mystic, false and sentimental expressionists”. Realism art movement of the mid-nineteenth century was a reaction against both the Neo-classicism and romanticism cons. Around Gustave Courbet, many painters, writers and art critics insisted on the necessity of showing the social reality of their time. [...]
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