Women's employment opportunities, film industry, movie, female filmmakers, discrimination in film industries, gender wage gap, women's empowering
This business report compares the employment opportunities in the film industry for women in France and in the UK. France has more films produced and released than the UK, meaning more people are employed in the French film industry. Certain factors create obstacles for women in building their career. Sexism and social conditioning, maternity and family life are common ones. Then, there are the ongoing issues which specifically apply to the film industry. Some of them apply to both France and the UK. More films are directed by men than by women in Europe. Key creative roles are mostly male dominated. Both countries have high-production volumes. There are also differences in women's employment in the two countries. In France, there are more key positions where women earn more money than men. France has developed a financial benefit to encourage gender equality in key roles. France has the highest number of films made by women in Europe. There is a higher percentage of women in French film crews than in the UK. This analysis assures that there are more employment opportunities for essential creative positions in France than there are in the UK.
[...] Women's empowering within the film industry: France or the UK? Since January 2019, France has instituted a financial benefit for films with women in key creative roles, encouraging gender balance and pushing people to employ women in lead production roles, in exchange for a 15% bonus subsidy on top of the amount funded by the CNC. (CNC, 2019) Additionally, an event called ‘Fifty-Fifty by 2020′ was launched during the 2016 Cannes Festival, in order “to pursue this work and raise international awareness of gender equality in film production” (Unesco, 2019). [...]
[...] Perhaps the rising movement for gender equality will soon show its impact, in the film industry as much as in daily lives. Appendices Fig Fig Source: European Audiovisual Observatory Fig Fig Source: Statista Fig Fig Source : NatCen Social Research Source : European Audiovisual Observatory Fig Fig Source : BFI Sources : BFI, Film award webpages, OMDb API, IMDb and Genderize.io Fig Fig Source :CNC-Audiens Source : Statista Fig Fig Source : CNC-Audiens Source : European Audiovisual Observatory References and bibliography Bates, L Sexist scenarios that women experience at work. [...]
[...] This applies both to the UK and to France. “Data cited in the report shows that, in Europe, only 1 in 5 films is directed by a woman” (Unesco, 2019) The European Audiovisual Observatory reports that over a period of 14 years, between 2003 and 2017, “A total of 3,618 films exclusively directed by women were produced and released in Europe [ ] which represents 17% of total films.” The latter statistics speak for themselves. Amongst European countries, France and the UK have some of the highest production volumes of films made women and men. [...]
[...] Available from: https://www.bbc.com/news/av/entertainment-arts-36216260/suffragette- director-shocking-lack-of-films-by-women. [Accessed: 21 May 2020]. BFI Explore gender balance in key roles and departments. Available at: https://filmography.bfi.org.uk/credits?filters=Zz0mZFswXT0xOTExJmRbMV09MjAxN yZkWzJdPTEmY1tjcjFdW3RdPUhvdyBtYW55IGNyZWRpdGVkIHJvbGVzIGhhdmUgdGhlcmUgYmVlb iBpbiBCcml0aXNoIGZlYXR1cmUgZmlsbXMsIGFuZCB3aGF0IGlzIHRoZSBnZW5kZXIgYmFsYW5jZ T8mY1tjcjJdW2xmXVtydF09a2V5cm9sZXMmY1tjcjJdW2xmXVtzXT1kZWZhdWx0JmtyWzBdPSZrc lsxXT0ma3JbMl09YW5k. [Accessed 29 April 2020]. BFI Infographic: Women in the UK feature film 1911-2017. Available at: https://www.bfi.org.uk/news-opinion/news-bfi/features/infographic-women- uk-film-1911-2017. [Accessed 10 May 2020]. Cinema World. Vimeo. (2016). Interview with Debbie Wiseman. [Online Video] December 2016. Available from: https://vimeo.com/165708277. [Accessed: 13 May 2020]. CNC La place des femmes dans la production audiovisuelle de fiction. [...]
[...] [Accessed 16 May 2020]. France Culture. (2016). Hors-Champs : Série Cinéma à l'occasion du festival de Cannes. Episode Agnès Godard : « Je n'avais aucun contact avec le cinéma. Ni par des amis, ni par ma famille. » May 2016. Available from: https://www.franceculture.fr/emissions/hors-champs/hors-champs-vendredi-13- mai-2016 [Accessed: 23 May 2020]. France Culture. YouTube. (2019). Céline Sciamma : portrait d'une réalisatrice en feu. [Online Video] September 2019. Available from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WZXSniEvKdg&fbclid=IwAR2JtNsi7KSJbpK54h7qmkT 5FmJ9SmeUgXHsic6d7A2NmRLhTS3E7K2GxUE. [Accessed: 13 May 2020]. Haut Conseil Egalité La place des femmes dans l'industrie cinématographique et audiovisuelle. [...]
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