Communication is the process of exchanging information usually via a common system of symbols and "Communication studies" is the academic discipline which studies communication.
Almost every university that has a journalism program also offers a distinct program often from the same department of studies in mass communication, which includes the technical aspects production of newspapers, radio programs, television shows, and films. Unlike journalism and related fields like public relations and advertising, the study of mass communication focuses less on the message that is delivered, and more on the means by which this delivery occurs. In today's world the Internet is playing a vital role in delivering news and information to remote places where traditional delivery means do not serve. The discipline also differs from media studies, which focuses on the effects that mass media have on the population.
[...] (Publication ceased in 1735). 1709: Worcester Post-Man founded, which became Berrow's Worcester Journal in 1753, The Worcester Post-Man/Berrow's Worcester Journal is Britain's oldest surviving un-official newspaper. 1785: The Daily Universal Register was founded by John Walters. It became The Times on January 1803: Just 15 years after the first British penal colony was established, Australia's military government published the Sydney Gazette and the New South Wales Advertiser, Australia's first newspapers. 1821: The Guardian was founded. 1871: Yokohama Mainichi Shimbun (Yokohama Daily News) is launched as the first daily newspaper in Japan. [...]
[...] It communicates the world to individuals, and it reproduces modern society's self-image. But how much exogenous influence does the medium wield? Early critiques suggested that the media destroys the individual's capacity to act autonomously (sometimes being ascribed an influence reminiscent of the telescreens of the dystopian novel 1984). Later empirical studies, however, suggest a more complex interaction between the media and society, with individuals actively interpreting and evaluating the media and the information it provides. Ethics in media Media ethics is that universe of ethics dealing with the particular ethical principles and standards of media, worldwide. [...]
[...] Kaiyuan is the name given to the year in which the paper is published. 1605: Johann Carolus publishes the first printed newspaper Relation in Strasbourg, now in France but at the time a part of the Deutsches Reich. 1621: The first English-language private newspaper, The Corante, was first published, in London. 1631: The Gazette, the first French newspaper, was founded. 1645: the oldest newspaper still in circulation, Post-och Inrikes Tidningar of Sweden, began publishing. 1690: Public Occurrences in Boston became the first newspaper published in America. It was suppressed after one issue. [...]
[...] One important subsection of media ethics is journalism ethics. Also of relevancy are questions with regard to print and electronic media content, community standards, media censorship, media bias (in the U.S., "liberal" vs. "conservative" bias), propaganda, and related issues as viewed from the standpoint of ethics. Media ethics also deals with the relationship of media and media economics where things such as deregulation of media, concentration of media ownership, FCC regulations in the U.S, media trade unions and labor issues, and other such worldwide regulating bodies, citizen media (low power FM, community radio) have ethical implications. [...]
[...] Vast fortunes were to be made in mass media. In a democratic society, an independent media serves to educate the public/electorate about issues regarding government and corporate entities me consider concentration of media ownership to be the single greatest threat to democracy. Etymology and usage Media (the plural of medium) is a contraction of the term media of communication, referring to those organized means of dissemination of fact, opinion, and entertainment such as newspapers, magazines, cinema films, radio, television, and the World Wide Web. [...]
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