The text is a collective prayer to celebrate the resurrection and the future of our world. The kingdom of Earth is becoming the kingdom of the Lord; in other words the domination of God has to take the place off the domination of Men. The word Hallelujah means the Lord be praised: it is a call for the believers to pray together for the Reign of God.
Therefore it is also a way to broadcast a message of humility to the powerful Men: the fifth text King of Kings and Lord of Lords reminds them of the superiority of the Holy power and of humility and submission they have to feel. The power and the infinity of God are expressed in the second and the fourth text through the notions of omnipotence and eternity of His reign.
Like in every prayer, the words are very simple and the most important ones are repeated to make them easily remembered by the audience: Hallelujah, Lord, Kingdom and King are repeated four times, as a possible illustration of infinity and permanence of the sacred world. At the opposite the words God and Christ are unique and Christ is placed with a particular attention, at the end of the central phrase, the longest one: that could describe the inaccessibility of this Holy entity.
[...] After having discussed the specific melodies for each text, I have now to explain how Handel set up his piece to convey a message and different emotions dealing with the texts. The first part is the exclamation Hallelujah, which will also close the piece. The melody with the four Hallelujah (stressed by the acceleration I talked about) is repeated twice with a harmonic progression. It makes growing up the chorus, which answered as an echo to the orchestral introduction. The orchestra is used as an accompaniment; it repeats each end of what the chorus is singing. [...]
[...] Handel decided to compose his music to call together the Men to praise the Lord. That is why the first syllable Ha is stressed by the rhythm with the dotted quarter note. Moreover the leap between Ha and le to highlights the beginning of the word, and the beginning of the entire Chorus. This form is repeated twice to insist on this call, and the rest between both makes them sound like two deep breathings. Then there is an acceleration (Hallelujah is repeated twice too) with half of a rest and the rhythm slows down after. [...]
[...] The feeling of “organized disorder” could be seen as the common belief and praise composed by individual voices, individual personalities. They all express their joy in a personal way and finally pray together in a communion atmosphere. There is a radical change after the third part. After the rapture, Handel sets up a smooth, quiet, heavenly atmosphere stressed by the low range of singing, the nuance (forte to piano), the slow rhythm and the discreet strings. This is a meditation. [...]
[...] The chorus was singing forte since the beginning and it suddenly sings piano. The composer is telling us something new, something different, and wants to make the listener feel more quiet. This will is underlined by the rhythm and the different components of the melody: each syllable is on a quarter note except the two last which are longer; the melody is going down by steps on a small range. Therefore this melody has to calm the audience down in a prayer and meditation atmosphere. [...]
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