Everybody, even one who has never seen or listened to an Anglophone broadcast, has alteast once, heard of the British Broadcasting Corporation, the famous ‘BBC', or the nicknames ‘Beeb' or ‘Auntie'. In fact, the BBC is the biggest broadcasting company in the world, with 26,000 employees in the United-Kingdom and nearly a £4 billion budget.
Created in 1922, the company has one motto (=short sentence or phrase that expresses the aims or beliefs, and is used as a rule of behavior, according to the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary): “Nation Shall Speak Peace unto Nation”. It broadcasts on radio, television and the Internet.
First, let's talk about its history and the new challenges the BBC has had to face; then, we will see how the Corporation is run and what services it proposes.
[...] The money collected in this way is used to pay for BBC television and radio programs (according to OALD7); currently, it costs a month). However, they remain free from governmental interventions. Their term lasts four years and they choose a Director-General who is both chief-executive and editor- in-chief. The current Director-General is Mark Thompson. There is also a ten member executive board, led by the Director-General ; for example, the Director of Journalism Group, the Director of Finance, or the Director of BBC Worldwide and Resources. [...]
[...] has been said to have declared that BBC has won the intellectual invasion in Europe”. The coronation of Queen Elizabeth the Second in England (1953) can be considered as the first mass broadcasting, with 22 millions viewers! However, the BBC encountered competition first in 1955, with ITV, but it has rapidly revealed itself to have better quality than its rival. This success was followed with the birth of a second TV channel: BBC 2 in 1964 and the start of local radio stations in 1967. [...]
[...] Secondly, the two main TV channels are BBC One and Two; the first one in regionalized, while the purpose of the second is more highbrow (that is to say more concerned in culture and less mainstream). The other two channels, BBC Three and BBC Four are new, and only receivable by digital, like BBC News 24, BBC Parliament and the two channels dedicated to children, which are CBBC and Cbeebies. There are also TV channels all over the world, such as BBC Prime (in Europe, Africa, the Middle East and Asia); there are also a BBC America, Canada and even a BBC Japan. [...]
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