Purchasing function, purchasing development, pharmaceutical industry, supply chain, logistics, logistics chain
Since its introduction, the Purchasing function faced major changes and is taking on a more strategic role in many organisations. It was also shown that strategic purchasing leads to positive savings performance. Showing that the purchasing function is at an equal level of importance with other functions such as Marketing, Supply Chain or Finance.
Nowadays, purchasers are playing a key role in corporate strategy by selecting innovative suppliers and developing supplier relationships that will support the companies' competitive position.
Furthermore, in recent years, the Purchasing function has been marked by the theme of "innovation". Indeed, nowadays innovation is one of the major challenges for companies.
The purpose of this thesis will be to show the constant evolution of the purchasing function and to show the importance of the function in the success/performances of pharmaceutical companies and more particularly the response of the purchasing function when facing crisis such as the COVID-19 crisis.
This is the Research Project Overview.
[...] To measure the performance of the purchasing function, a systematic approach is needed if we want to effectively assess this performance. Determine the real cost of purchases Determining the real cost of all the products purchased by the company (reagents, raw materials, equipment, services) is the first thing to do. But of course, buying less is not enough to say that the purchasing function is efficient. It is necessary to associate the quality and the quantity of goods purchased, as well as the delivery times and conditions. [...]
[...] Belouti Nabil L'apport de la fonction achat à la performance des petites et moyennes entreprises : Le cas des PME de la wilaya d'Oran. Université d'Oran. This thesis shows • The strategic aspect of the purchasing function in the operation of companies. • The performance of the purchasing function in SMEs. We can use this work to get a holistic view of the key performance factors of the purchasing function, in order to compare with those specific to the pharmaceutical industry. [...]
[...] • What are the determinants of mergers and acquisitions in the pharmaceutical industry? • What are the effects of these operations on the economic and technological performance of firms? Analysis of selected sources: Here we analyse the strengths of each element that advance research, the limits of each element. We will see if there are points of debate and if there are emerging research questions. -Laurence Viale's thesis (2018) contribution of the purchasing function in the innovation process of the agro-food industries studies the role of the purchasing function in innovation, then, to understand the role of innovation in the performance of the purchasing function by finding answers to the following questions: What factors explain and influence the contribution of the purchasing function in the innovation process? [...]
[...] To become and stay a great company, you must not only spend the most, but also innovate the most. In the literature, Innovation according to Schumpeter (1934) is alternately: -The introduction of a new product or the qualitative improvement of an existing product -The introduction of new production methods -The opening of new markets -The development of new sources of supply of productive goods -Evolutions of the industrial organisation. In the pharmaceutical industry, collaboration with suppliers who can be firms selling ideas or techniques, individuals selling raw materials, equipment or services, takes more and more the path of innovation, making the purchasing function an important factor that fits into the strategy of companies. [...]
[...] For this, the matrix of Marcel and Nassoy can help. This matrix makes it possible to segment purchases according to internal constraints and financial commitment. c. Perform an External Analysis This analysis allows us to know the demand market as well as the supplier supply market. The company can thus begin the drafting of a strategy thanks to the knowledge of its position in the market of the supplier offer. An external analysis matrix can be established for the development of the purchasing strategy. d. [...]
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