Travels of Ibn Battuta, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Batutta, Tangir, Morocco, Islam, Sheria, Mecca, pilgrimage
Commonly known as Ibn Batutta, Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Batutta was born in Tangir, a small town located in what is believed to be the present day Morocco, in the year 1304 (Gosch & Stearns, 2007, pp. 120-122). During his early life, Ibn, having been brought up in an Islamic family, studied Sheria law, before setting up a trip to Mecca in the year 1325. By this time, Ibn was only twenty one years but he rose to the challenge of performing the Islamic obligatory act of visiting Mecca and making pilgrimage (Gosch & Stearns, 2007, pp. 121-123).
[...] References Battuta, I. (2010). The Travels of Ibn Battuta. New York: Cosmo. David, W. (2010). The Odyssey of Ibn Battuta: Uncommon Tales of a Medieval Adventurer. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Dunn, R. a. (2005). The adventures of Ibn Battuta: A Muslim Traveller of the 14th Century. Oakland: University of California Press. [...]
[...] He is believed to have died in Morocco around the year 1369, though no one knows the location of his grave. The accounts of Ibn were recorded by a young scholar, commissioned by the sultan of Fez in Morocco (Gosch & Stearns pp. 188-200). No one would have envisaged that the voyage taken by a young man almost nine hundred years ago would be of great importance to the Islamic community. Through the accounts of Ibn during his journey, Muslims are able to gather and learn many important things about Islam. [...]
[...] Together with this group, they first travelled to Tunis, before he continued with his journey to Mecca through Cairo. From this early experience alone, the theme of unity is brought to light. It is well described that when travelers were in groups, it was very rare for them to be attacked, due to the numbers. This reiterates the importance of unity in the life of Muslims. When people are united in doing something, chances are that they will succeed at it. [...]
[...] This system was highly spread, as they seem to have been in every city that Ibn visited. In Africa, we are informed that there were Islamic courts in Morocco, Tunisisa and Egypt. Similar courts were also found in Arabia, India and Persia. It is worth noting that these courts were ruled by judges, who were experts in Islamic law. We are even told that at some point while in India and back in Morocco, Ibn served as a judge in such courts. [...]
[...] Gosch, S., & Stearns, P. (2007). Premodern Travel in History. London: Routledge. Meri, J., & Bacharach, J. (2006). Medieval Islamic Civilization. London: Taylor and Francis Group. [...]
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