Roman presence, Bohemia, Moravia, Marcomannic wars, Danubian region, Maroboduus, expeditio germania prima, expeditio germania secunda, Historia Augusta, Life of Marcus Antoninus
For around three hundred years, the Danubian region has been in a particular position, a so-called 'bipolar state' . Indeed, two major entities of the time were in contact in this area. The first one was the Roman Empire and the second was the Germanic world. From the time of Augustus till the end of the fourth century AD, some complex relations were held in the region, with peaceful commercial contacts and periods of war. According to the testimony of literary sources, Rome was generally trying to force her presence by various means. For example, she was present in the political development of the neighbouring barbarian tribes (like with Maroboduus during the first century AD) and was trying to ensure stability in the border zones through contractual relations with the tribes.
[...] According to Herodian, Commodus quickly addresses the soldiers of the camp and proceeds to a donatiuum. In April 180, Commode launched the campaign prepared by Marcus Aurelius against the Quadi and the Marcomanni. However, and despite Eutropius, Commodius hastened the war in order to reach a quick peace. Cassius Dio deplores the absence of Marcus Aurelius in these terms "If he had lived longer, he would reduce this whole country under his obedience". This sentence is particularly important because it implies that Marcus Aurelius wanted to control the region, not only to beat it. [...]
[...] These provinces control the roads from the Baltic and create a protective of the Alps. The two Pannonia created by Trajan protect Dalmatia, the Balkans and Aquileia and the two Moesia (divided in AD 86 by Domitian) protect Greece. Between Tiberius and Trajan, the Danube is organized for navigation. A road is dug in the rock on the right bank and around 103-105 AD, a bridge is built by Apollodorus of Damascus to connect Dacia with the empire. During this long period, two fundamentally different worlds are put in contact. [...]
[...] The second important ethnic group in the region and during the Marcomannic war is the Dacians. At the time of the creation of Roman Dacia (105-106 the "free" Dacians northern branch of the Thracians) took refuge in the northwestern part of the Tisza Basin. Their economy is based on an agricultural model focus on cereals, vines and livestock, but they have wood, salt, gold, silver and mastery of metal processing. A strong monetary circulation shows important exchanges with the Greek cities and Rome and important fortifications, the davae, serve as points of concentration of the population. [...]
[...] In central Europe, temporary camps are known in the region of south and east Moravia like the camps of Brno-Modřice, Olomouc-Neředín and Mušov or Přibice (see the Appendices at the end). Most of them were discovered by aerial observations but, in three cases, the trenches were accidentally discovered during rescue searches (Brno-Modřice, Hulín and Olomouc- Neředín). The largest concentration of camps is found on the outskirts of the Mušov base camp. In Moravia, there is three different types of camps. [...]
[...] Herodian, Roman history, I Eutropius, Summary of Roman history, VIII Eutropius wrote that Commodius was as successful as his father against the German (“Commodus, nihil paternum habuit, nisi quod contra Germanos feliciter et ipse pugnavit.'') Cassius Dio, Historia Romana, (LXXII 42). Marta Dočkalová, A mass grave from the Roman period in Moravia (Czech Republic), in. Anthropologie, XLIII/1, pp. 23– Balázs Komoróczy, “The character of the internal buildings of - the Roman military bases on Burgstall at Mušov South Moravia Czech Republic” in: Limes XX - Roman Frontier Studies, Volume 2. [...]
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