A nation is a human group that shares a common history, culture, language or ethnic origin, and thus forms a political community, based on a defined set of territory or territories and personified by a sovereign authority. The nation is an essential set of geographical and geopolitical entities. There is no nation without a territory. Every nation has its own territory or at least feels that it has a territory, despite the claims of neighboring nations.
[...] The vivid memory of the Arab and Ottoman empires left a strong impression when new frameworks were introduced. The Sykes-Picot plan used this impression in the basic policy framework that was the representative of the league. The region, which aspired for unity was Balkanized and the Arab world lost a historic opportunity to rebuild its lost unity for centuries. The states which were of pure colonial creations were equally successful in their attempt to build a nation. Several methods were used to create a national identity within each territory, and each gave out mixed results. [...]
[...] Territory and space in the Arab World The Arab World represents about 14 million square kilometers or 10% of the global area. It consists of five states and territorial units, with five major regional areas which are the Maghreb, the Nile Valley, the Arabian Peninsula, the Fertile Crescent and the Arab countries of the Horn of Africa. The questions that this article will address are, to what extent the boundaries that define the different territories of the Arab world correspond to the human groups of the Great Arab Nation; why the territorial divisions are contested by some minorities; and why some nations of the Arab world still have no land. [...]
[...] The Arab world comprises of km of land border routes, with 47 boundaries. Since June 2000 with the agreement signed between Yemen and Saudi Arabia, there was no longer an undefined border in the Arab world. However, only 45% of the borders were demarcated of the plots corresponded to natural features (topography) and 58% were conventional borders. The term territory is the key word here. All modern Arab states had to weave a network of exclusive relationships with a territory into their population. [...]
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