In 1944, the world entered its sixth year of conflict. Thus, the desire for peace and reconstruction could be felt increasingly in international relations. And so, the leaders of major powers in this period of history, such as the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), were trying to re-establish international ties of understanding with the aim to stop this deadly war.
Therefore, while most countries were still at war, a global plan of union was created. It could be applied at the end of the Second World War with the will of all. Unfortunately, in 1946, ideological conflicts overcame the concept of obtaining peace. To prepare for peace, Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin met repeatedly. Indeed, in the conferences, the project of the United Nations (UN) to raise money for reconstruction became very important.
In 1943, during the Tehran Conference in Iran, US President Roosevelt evoked an organization for bringing countries together as an enterprise of peace. The project included the formation of the League of Nations. But it was not able to avoid this second world conflict. However, the UN project was proposed in February 1945 to Stalin and Churchill at the Yalta Conference. The UN charter prepared for the conference at Dumbarton Oaks in 1944, adopted June 26, 1945 at the conference in San Francisco. Its headquarters was in Geneva, a symbol of neutrality, then it was transferred to New York.
Tags: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), United States, Second World War, US President Roosevelt
[...] The French economy seemed to have the capacity to undergo growth and the country slowly emerged from German occupation. France played an important role on the international scene as a permanent member of the UN and participated in the same division of Germany. But despite the willingness of countries to live in a world of peace and economic recovery with the United Nations, the ideological tensioned appeared in 1946. The opposition was mainly between the two big winners of the world war: US and USSR. [...]
[...] Its goal was to save the liberties from fascism, but they could see the communist influence in Europe. The United States with Truman, began to pursue a policy of ‘containment', assuring non-communist military and financial assistance. Following its determination to make Europe a communist Europe, the USSR signed the Marshall Plan shortly after the return of peace in the world. The world seemed once again divided into two ideological camps. Initially, this conflict was only between the US and the USSR, but very soon this movement affected China and the colonies. [...]
[...] The UN aims to enforce human rights, democracy, free elections, and also freedom in general, only it escapes the ‘internal affairs' of states. With the UN works for peace, the risks of a new world war were dwindling. However, the world could not just settle for peace and freedom. Indeed, people no longer needed funding for weapons but they needed the funding to rebuild their country destroyed by bombing. To overcome the economic collapse of the war, a new world monetary was anticipated. [...]
[...] The Neutrality Act of 1937 had forbidden the US from supplying weapons to any country involved in a war. However, since the law of ‘Cash and Carry, which was the term used to describe the Neutrality Act of 1939 (the law allowed the US to supply war weapons to a country on the condition that it made the payment in cash and the weapons were transported only by ships of the country purchasing the goods), allowed the emergence of Europe. [...]
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