Korean Demilitarized Zone, North Korea, South Korea, Korean border, Korean Peninsula, North Korea-South Korea relations, American soldiers, South Korean soldiers, Cold War, North Korean soldiers, US United States, Soviet Union, World War II, Armistice Agreement
The document is a presentation of the Korean border between North Korea and South Korea: In the Korean Peninsula, South Korea is separated from North Korea by a strip of land called the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ). It was created in 1953 to serve as a buffer zone between the two countries.
[...] History is important to understand the actual state of the Korean border. Indeed, during World War II, this border marked the limit between the United States of America and the Soviet Union in this area. In 1948, two states were created: the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (also called North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (also called South Korea); it became a particularly tense area of the world during the Cold War. Then, the Korean War started in 1950 and lasted until 1953 when the Korean Demilitarized Zone was created by the Armistice Agreement. [...]
[...] One of the most violent period of incursions is called the Korean DMZ Conflict and lasted from 1966 to 1969; 43 American soldiers South Korean soldiers and 397 North Korean soldiers died in this conflict. Between 1974 and 1990, four tunnels were dug under the DMZ by North Korea. To take a more recent example, in 2017 and 2018 North Korean soldiers tried to cross the border and were harmed by firing. To conclude, the Korean Demilitarized Zone separates two historically adversary countries. It is one of the only remaining material vestige of the Cold War and became one of the most heavily militarized areas of the present world. [...]
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