A prison is an institution that has been crafted to detain convicted criminals as a rational and humane form of punishment. Prisoners' daily movements are tightly prescribed, and their compliance with routines is strictly enforced. The purpose of restrictions on inmates' freedom within the institution is said to be the maintenance of security. (Yackle, 2003) Prisons have not always been in existence. Before there were prisons, serious crimes were almost always redressed by corporal or capital punishment. (Pray, 1987) When a criminal was convicted, they were to pay fines, forced to endure bodily harm, and even death. The death plenty was the verdict that followed many crimes.
[E]xecution could be prescribed for high treason, petty treason, murder, burglary, rape, sodomy, buggery, malicious maiming, manslaughter by stabbing, witchcraft by conjuration, and arson. (Pray, 1987) Another form of punishment for the convicted was hard manual within workhouses. A workhouse was punishment for the lesser crimes and was the closest thing to imprisonment. Today, incarceration has become America's solution as punishment for convicted felons.
The Great Penitentiary Rivalry between the states of Pennsylvania and New York influenced American's thoughts towards the prison system. These two states had separate views of prison systems that helped shape the American prison system of today.
[...] The administrator must get to the root of the dilemma before the problem escalates into a situation similar to the riots in Attica. The text book, Justice Administration: Police, courts, and corrections management by Kenneth Peak provides case studies that can assist scholars in determining the correct pathway to dissolve real life issues. References Kolb, Brian. (2010). Workforce Issues in the Correctional System Report. Retrieved on Septemeber from http://www.poughkeepsiejournal.com/assets/pdf/BK191837710.PDF. Peak, K. J. (2010). Justice administration: Police, courts, and corrections management (6th ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Pray, Roger T. (1987). [...]
[...] Administrators must step in to not only identify the challenges, but also find a way to prevent them from reoccurring. Correction's Role in the Justice System A prison is an institution that has been crafted to detain convicted criminals as a rational and humane form of punishment. “Prisoners' daily movements are tightly prescribed, and their compliance with routines is strictly enforced. The purpose of restrictions on inmates' freedom within the institution is said to be the maintenance of security.” (Yackle, 2003) Prisons have not always been in existence. [...]
[...] Conclusion With Correctional facilities being all the rage now, the prison system population has most certainly risen. Capacity reaches its breaking point and the staff to inmate ratio allows for a very unfair advantage for the inmates. State budgets also play a major role in the employee's moral. Underpaid correctional officers may dabble with in-house crime in order to make additional income that is off the books. It is the administrator's job to control the challenges that arise within the facility's walls. [...]
[...] Staff ratios are not as prevalent within the walls of the facility. A correctional officer has a very stressful job. Their wits are tested and their safety is compromised on any given day. Attica insurrection is considered one of the deadliest prison riots in our nation's history. The prison was running at 185 percent capacity. When the riot broke out on September there were fewer than 100 officers on duty managing 2,225 inmates. The riot ended in 41 deaths 32 inmates and nine hostages others were seriously injured” (Kolb, 2010). [...]
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