Agro-industrial, Santa Catarina, refining, dairy products, bakery and production of pasta, vegetable oils
The agricultural industry is one of the main segments of the Brazilian economy, which are both important in the domestic supply as the export performance of Brazil. Agribusiness is synonymous with value addition, adequacy of raw materials, protection and food safety, development processes and products, equipment development, construction and improvement of management models, convenience consumption, and production systems built on a sustainable basis. The functionality of the agricultural industry, therefore, is an economic, social and environmental dimension of great importance to society.
The above data refers to an extent restricted to the value of production of agro-industry, in which the main segments are the slaughter and preparation of meat, sugar manufacturing and refining, dairy products, bakery and production of pasta, vegetable oils and the juice industry. These are the items that most developed in Brazil in the last 20 years and occupied a prominent position.
[...] The regime of small property, as opposed to large farms has increased the social division of labor and local government, which, in a way, was sprayed. Even with this relative fragmentation of power, social conflicts are present throughout the twentieth century, breaking out in the Contested War and extending to the Landless Movement in recent years. With industrialization and urbanization, there is a more balanced agricultural diversification and increased food culture oriented to the domestic market and the pace of agriculture shall be dictated by the dynamics of industrial capital. [...]
[...] These are the items that most developed in Brazil in the last 20 years and occupied a prominent position. However, one must consider that the coffee complex maintains its importance, is the contribution to the trade balance of agriculture - as shown graphic evolution of the Main Items of Agricultural Products Export Tariff - either in supplying the largest consumer market in the world coffee which is the Brazilian. There is a wide range of segments, with different structures and forms of organization of markets that include the participation - and sometimes with the competition - multinational and small companies. [...]
[...] Agribusiness analyzed have an administrative structure far from being based on Western styles of professionalism. In fact, during his historic career, managerial and administrative control was the responsibility of the company founder. As regards the possible changes in the Sadia group as a whole, there is a policy of investment in the areas of animal slaughter, meat processing and processed foods and soybean oil crushing. This policy will necessarily by a group of internationalization process, by installing production unit in other countries. [...]
[...] The occupation of Santa Catarina west by Italian colonists and German-Brazilian from Rio Grande do Sul took place in parallel with the construction of the railroad São Paulo-Rio Grande, stimulated by the opening of borders and the possibility to become capitalists. In addition to livestock, two economic activities developed in the west; Near the river Uruguay the extraction of timber and on the border with Paraná cultivation of yerba mate. Like many settlers came from the tobacco region of Santa Cruz do Sul the tobacco plantation in western green belly prevailed until year 40. "Replacing the smoke by the pig as the main commercial activity of small producers consolidates over 40s and early '50s "(Campos p. 123). [...]
[...] As this increased exchange two economic processes occurring simultaneously. On the one hand, of these small producers tried again the productive specialization, its commercialization, capital accumulation and social differentiation, mainly due to trade in pigs and alfalfa with São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro markets, among others. On the other hand, the local commercial capital, born within the small production, loomed on the external commercial capital, began to constitute oligopsonicos markets with small producers and to invest part of their resources in craft and manufacturing activities. [...]
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