Seen as an ineffaceable trauma for Arabs and a poisoned victory for Israel, the Six-Day War has been a strategic moment in the history of the Middle East. Before developing the topic, a brief reminder of the previous Israeli-Arab relations is necessary to better situate and understand what led to the Six-Day War.
To better understand the Arab-Israeli conflict and more especially the 1967 crisis, reminding the origins of the conflict is important. Therefor, we have to go back to August the 29th of 1897 and a congress in Basel in which was advocated for the first time the idea of the creation of a Jewish state. 19 years later, the Sykes-Picot agreement was signed where British and French considered possible sharing a territory in Palestine under an Ottoman control.
A few years later, in 1920, the establishment of a British mandate about Palestine at the United Nations takes place. In the following years the first waves of Jewish immigration to Palestine happen, as well as the first clashes between Jewish and Arab communities appear.
On November the 29th of 1947, the vote of the UN General Assembly provides the establishment in Palestine of two states: an Arab one and a Jewish one, and an international status for the city of Jerusalem.
[...] Analysis of armed conflicts Mr Cook - The Six-Day War INTRODUCTION Seen as an ineffaceable trauma for Arabs and a poisoned victory for Israel, the Six-Day War has been a strategic moment in the history of the Middle East. Before developing the topic, a brief reminder of the previous Israeli-Arab relations is necessary to better situate and understand what led to the Six-Day War. To better understand the Arab-Israeli conflict and more especially the 1967 crisis, reminding the origins of the conflict is important. [...]
[...] and USSR are now aware that a new crisis between them both can't happen. They are not directly involved in the Six-Day war but we know the role of the United Nation in the creation of Israel. Moscow support Egypt and Syria. The information telling Nasser that Israel was going to attack Syria was coming from the Kremlin. USSR and US already interferes to stop the Suez crisis. The fact that the Six-Day war happened during the cold war is very relevant. Israel knew that they had very little time to act. [...]
[...] Which country would risk to be invaded or attacked at first? Concerning the Six-Day war, we don't precisely know who began the conflict for real. There were so many incident on the borders, in Syria, Egypt so many moves to prevent an attack Both sides were getting ready for war. They were going further and further in preventing war, that it can sometimes be seen as an aggressive behavior. In May, rumors from Moscow pretended that Israel would attack Syria. [...]
[...] According to Israel, it is inevitable, the country has to carry out this war until the end to assert the country in the Arab world and conquer territories to secure its own territory, as a sot of protective glaze. On June the 7th, Moshe Dayan takes the decision to transfer a part of its troops to the Northern West Bank and East Jerusalem. In Jerusalem, Israeli forces enter the old city through the Lion Gate, close to the Muslim quarter. Quickly, Israel troops take control of Jerusalem. [...]
[...] The largest air force among the Arab armies was the Egyptian one and it has been destroyed. Their planes were all recent and built up by the Soviet Union. The Egyptian defensive infrastructures were relatively low and did not have bunkers to protect their planes in case of an attack. On the evening of the first day of war, what represented half of the Arab aviation was destroyed. Meanwhile, Israeli ground forces stormed the Sinai desert toward the Suez Canal. [...]
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