Confederation, sovereignty, freedom, and independence
Article II played the greatest part in keeping the central government weak from 1783 to 1787. The article required each state to retain its sovereignty, freedom, and independence, all the power, jurisdiction, and right, which were not delegated to the by this United States central government.
This article created very powerful state governments and therefore Americans, who identified with the state governments, specialized on building weak central government.5 The lack of a strong national government led to limitations in the central leadership, economic organization and legislative efficiency. Congress was economically limited because it could neither regulate trade with Native American tribes nor could it negotiate trade agreements with foreign countries.
Economically, congress could only regulate trade with Native American tribes as far as this did not tamper with the individual state's ability to regulate its trade. The central government further lacked the power to make trade negotiations and agreements with foreign countries. There was no trade regulation between states; states could impose taxes on trade between states. The central government could not regulate such activities though they were undermining interstate trade and relationships. The states had their own money and therefore did not require money printed by the central government.
[...] Thomas, John C. "The Term Limitations Movement in U.s. Cities." National Civic Review (1992). Print. Farabaugh, Daniel, Stephanie Muntone, and T R. Teti. Mcgraw-hill's Sat Subject Test: U.s. History. New York, N.Y: McGraw-Hill Internet resource. [...]
[...] Shows that the Articles of Confederation was created to make the central government on purpose Thomas, John C. "The Term Limitations Movement in U.s. Cities." National Civic Review (1992). Print. The article provides a current view of the term limitations movement ideas in the United States Secondary sources Farabaugh, Daniel, Stephanie Muntone, and T R. Teti. Mcgraw-hill's Sat Subject Test: U.s. History. New York, N.Y: McGraw-Hill Internet resource. The book provides the analysis of United States invitation of Canada to join the union. [...]
[...] The books give an outline of the ways in which article V made the central government was made weak while the States retained most of the powers. Melusky, Joseph A. The Contemporary Constitution: Modern Interpretations. Malabar, Fla: Krieger Pub. Co Print. The article provides the analysis of the constitution as it guides the operations of the American political system. The article provides a modern view of the constitution from its original ratification. Price, Hossell K. The Articles of Confederation. Chicago, Ill: Heinemann Library Print Roza, Greg. [...]
[...] However, despite the many weaknesses that we can spot today with the Article of Confederation, the Articles were responsible for the formation of the new United States nation. Annotated Bibliography Primary sources Bond, Jon and Kevin B. Smith. Analyzing American Democracy. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis Internet resource. This article provides an analytical comparison of current political science theories in comparison to historical documents like the articles of confederation. Price, Hossell K. The Articles of Confederation. Chicago, Ill: Heinemann Library Print. The article provides the history of the Articles of Confederation, their importance and preservation. [...]
[...] The article would have created controversies because laws created in the period 1783 to 1787 contravened the admission. For example, if a loyalist had fled to Canada during the revolution then, the Treaty of Paris 1783 would allow him to return to the United States. On the contrary, the same person could not claim his land because the law ignored the rights of such loyalists. Further, the refusal of Britain to withdraw from the Ohio River would Valley have further led more fights if Canada were admitted into the Union.4 The British government contravened the Treaty of Paris 1783 which was partly granting the United States all land East of Mississippi River. [...]
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