Mental Disorders - Anxiety - panic disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, specific phobias
Anxiety is a typical human emotion experienced by every individual at some point in life for instance, when faced with a problematic situation or a test at school. On the other hand, anxiety disorders cause distress to the individual thus interfering with the level of normality (Connolly et al., 2006). Victims of anxiety disorders respond to certain situations with feelings of fear and dismay.
In addition, the victims show physical signs of anxiety such as nervousness, heightened pulse rates and confusion. Anxiety disorders are diagnosed in individuals if their response to certain situations seems inappropriate for that situation or if the individual cannot control how they respond to such situations. The anxiety aroused by these situations interferes with the normal functioning of victims hence the responsive behavior. There are several types of anxiety disorders, which include obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post-traumatic
stress disorder, specific phobias, generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder.
[...] Anxiety disorders. New York: Chelsea House. Farrell, C. (2010). Mental disorders. Edina, Minn: ABDO Pub. Hyman, B. M., & Pedrick, C. (2012). Anxiety disorders. Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books. Livesley, W. J. [...]
[...] Classification of mental disorders further enhances better understanding. The various classifications are; anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, mood disorders, impulse control disorders, personality disorders, addiction disorders, adjustment disorders and sexual disorders amongst others. Introduction Anxiety is a typical human emotion experienced by every individual at some point in life for instance, when faced with a problematic situation or a test at school. On the other hand, anxiety disorders cause distress to the individual thus interfering with the level of normality (Connolly et al., 2006). [...]
[...] Similarly, victims of schizotypal personality disorders express same individuality. Cluster B includes personality disorders that involve erratic and dramatic behavior such as histrionic personality disorders, antisocial personality disorders and narcissistic personality disorders. Characteristically, victims of histrionic personality disorders constantly seek attention, show extreme emotions and are exceedingly concerned with their appearance. As a result, their emotional expression and conspicuous attention seeking methods, often erotic, seem exaggerated thus creating superficial relationships. Moreover, narcissistic personality disorders exact feelings of superiority in the victim and consequently arousing lack of empathy (Livesley, 2001). [...]
[...] However, the victims undergo a denial stage whereby they blame others for the challenges facing them since they believe that their behavior is naturally normal. Personality disorders include three subclusters. Personality disorders in Cluster A involve eccentric and odd behavior and include paranoid personality disorders, schizotypal personality disorder and schizoid personality disorder. Firstly, paranoid personality disorder stimulates mistrusts and suspicious behavior for others. This means that the victims constantly suspect that other individuals have hidden motives of wanting to harm them. [...]
[...] On the other hand, victims of dependent personality disorders allow other people's needs to supersede theirs. This is because they feel insecure about their abilities because of lacking self-confidence. In conclusion, mental disorders have several consequences if the victims do not receive treatment in time. The victims are at risk of engaging in behaviors subsequently leading to either physical or behavioral illnesses for instance drug addiction with the intent of avoiding reality (Veague, Collins & Levitt, 2007). In addition, they have increased vulnerability to mental breakdowns in persistent cases resulting to madness. [...]
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