All counselling approaches may require need sort of theoretical basis, particularly person-centred counselling (Davies, 2012) which seems to necessitate a practitioner to have strong theoretical acumen to be successful.
There seems to be a large disparity and diversity in individuals who receive counselling, therefore it may be appropriate to retain an applicable knowledge of theory. This can be selected and applied as and when it is deemed suitable by the counselor.
Boy and Pine (1983) claim that theory provides a framework, as well as relatedness and unity of information and it allows one to see important client details that may otherwise be overlooked. Theory may facilitate a logical direction for a developing Counselor, helping them to focus on relevant information, and provides guidelines for treatment.
[...] Available at: http://healthpsychologyconsultancy.wordpress.com/2012/10/01/theories-of- counselling-why-are-they-important/ (Accessed: 25 May 2013). Dawson, R. (2013) Counselling/clinical supervision[Online].Available at: http://www.counsellingpsychologist.com/supervision.htm (Accessed: 20 June 2013). Joos, M. (1961) The Five Clocks. New York: Harcourt, Brace and World. McLeod, S. A. (2008). Psychosexual Stages - Simply Psychology. [...]
[...] CBTaddresses three important factors,which are cognition, a way of thinking, emotion, a way of feeling andbehaviour which is a way of acting.The cognitive elements of this theory refer to how people think about and understand situations, symptoms and events in their lives and how beliefs are developed about themselves, others and the world. Cognitive therapy uses techniques to help people become more aware of how theythink. The behaviour element refers to the way people respond when they are upset and distressed. [...]
[...] It does not have a sense of right or wrong, is impulsive and is not rational. It comprises of the most basic of human instincts and drives and relates to the base physiological instincts humans need to survive. He believed that the unconscious mind was constantly in battle with the conscious mind or ego. The ego is the site of the reality principle; it is realistic and logical and is continuously checking the impulsive nature of the id. The superego sets the ideal moral code for the individual. [...]
[...] Person-Centred counselling may be more effective if there is an evidence base for it. PCC may help us to gain an understanding of the person's risk, reward and motivation procedures and produce a solid result which is self-actualisation. According to theBritish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy(BACP), the nature of clinical supervisionis an intervention provided by a more senior member of a profession to a more junior member of that same profession. Supervision is important in supporting the practitioner to stick to the ethical framework and is essential to monitor and review the quality of work, as well as reviewing a client's progress.Clinical Supervision exists for two reasons, to protect the client and to improve the ability of counsellors to provide value to their clients.In the UK, the (BACP) requires all accredited therapists to have supervision throughout their career. [...]
[...] [Online].Available at: http://www.simplypsychology.org/psychosexual.html(Accessed: 16 June 2013). Rogers, C. (1951) Client-centered Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory. London: Constable. Rogers, C. (1959) theory of therapy, personality, and interpersonal relationships, as developed in the client-centred framework'. Psychology: A Study of a Science New York: Penguin. Waskett, C. [...]
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