Dictatorship, empowerment, minorities
The tyranny of the majority does not seem enviable, but it is paradoxically the own democracy, which gives full legitimacy to the number and not the optimal result / rational optimum. This expression borrowed from Tocqueville would be the product of "belief in equality." Tocqueville believed that the future of Europe was determined in the United States. As we know, it was not a devoted democrat, but a lucid aristocrat who understood that the world was doomed past. Now, the signs tend to prove that this reality that has lived, and that democracy in its absolute quest for freedom and equality and encourages the development of minority rights. Despite its geocentric (Western democracy), this allows us to reflect on the very concept of democracy. Power to the people is not incompatible with the empowerment of minorities. This new conflict that puts identity fundamental rights center especially opposes the multicultural model republican model.
The question facing us takes as descriptive as prescriptive. So there is there a simple economic rhetoric pro minorities is this more precisely an ideology of minorities,if this is neologism? The recognition of each of the weakest, less is it integrated the logical extension of the democratic concept? Is it an equal freedom to search or momentum? Is everything to throw in our republican model? But can we hope to see a way out? And in fact, the "tyranny of the majority" is it not an oxymoron?
[...] However the Liberals do not accept any: - They have not adopted an ethnocentric approach; they reserve the right to criticize this or that practice, even if they do not speak of a right to criticize his own community. - In addition, they make the difference between fundamental rights, immunities and privileges. If this model has been so successful is that it was first applied in the US, which was a land of minorities who were passing their faith above all and fleeing the bullying of an intolerant Europe, then a land of immigrants from around the world, and therefore multicultural. American culture is built from cultural multitudes, and that's what makes it strong, especially economic. [...]
[...] -Their Impact also depends on their concentration in the territories. Moreover, a minority is even stronger than it is based on an international extension. The advent of minorities is fully in the evolution of democracy since it is the modern extension of individualism. Democracy in that it has a liberal, has fostered the emergence of the individual, lauded for his freedom taken on the group. Human rights were emancipatory logic plural. In this sense, democracy has open-plan classrooms at the same time that religion was losing its influence; it now brings together around an identity. [...]
[...] It misunderstands the life of the nation, which was sometimes a fantasy of the state, to unite the masses. Therefore, the Enlightenment is not influential, unlike the right to happiness of the US Constitution. The topic is hot, and we talk about it suddenly anecdotes and various facts; English Sikhs who refuse to wear helmets on construction sites / German judge does not condemn a man who beats his wife because it is not forbidden by the Koran . but what is Multiculturalism? [...]
[...] France is a republic, while the US is a federal state, based on the consensus of fact, t tolerate Legislative difference. Multiculturalism crystallizes the desires of minorities and would be the desirable future of democracy . but he was born on virgin land or small countries traditionally liberal and open to the world. So, we must consider this model as universal? Isaiah Berlin critic "common sense creamy reasoners of the Enlightenment and its modern successor. "And also the American multiculturalism. Not by opposing idea, but two ideologies, it stirs the temptation of falling into Manichaeism. [...]
[...] They all encourage the bursting of the domestic sphere, and therefore the state, and if I word, ego replaces equal. As such, the balkanization of society commits the majority of the sphere burst. For example, we never see the French take to the streets, they are associations, unions, federations, homosexuals, Muslims, women and even without papers who do. This "minority nationalism" can take a peaceful or violent form, it still echoes an identity frustration. Faced with this shift in loyalties, the state then has a dilemma between justice and security. [...]
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