Nature of Man, Sikhism Man
The quest of salvation is very important to the Guru. His teaching will be mainly based on it. Man is the main obstacle to salvation. "Man, when did not convert, is similar to a slave whose master is the world." Indeed, man is going to focus on its values, passions, sensuality, anger, pride, greed, attachment ... The result of this attachment to the world will be the transmigration passage of by several deaths instead of enjoying the bliss. Man is clearly separated from God. For the guru, the condition of man is abject. However, keep hope by saying that Man is eminently good and evil comes only from ignorance of divine revelation.
Nanak will therefore characterize this doctrine of salvation by the name (nam), speech (Sabad), the master (Guru) and harmony (hukan). To explain, man cannot recognize God's being (nam and Sabad). It cannot achieve deliverance (Mukati). It needs a guru who is the voice of God to men. To stop engaging in neither harmful practices, nor asceticism must follow the instructions of a guru who will "whisper the word (sabadu) in the heart of men." Therefore, in Sikhism Man is not rigidly bad as in much monotheistic religion. It should not demonstrate religious austerity, penance to save his soul, a feature which shows that this doctrine is singular.
[...] Therefore, Sikhism rejection of the caste system of Hinduism. For Sikhs all men are equal before God. Nanak condemned polytheism, the Vedas (sacred texts of Hinduism) and asceticism. Although there are gurus, Sikhs do not ask their followers to live and meditate in an ashram as Hindu gurus. In addition, if God is so impersonal and formless, it can not, contrary to the belief of the Hindus, to incarnate an avatar. So we see that Sikhism is very contradictory to Hinduism, despite some similarities between the two religions. [...]
[...] They only count on it to reach deliverance. Somehow the rites fall into disuse. Sikhs believe Allah or Brahma appreciate the services to others. Nanak preached the dignity of work, the faithful must live by their labor. So agriculture is recognized as the best profession. Sikhs will then form an entrepreneurial community in the field of labor. Nanak has also said "God said that man's salvation comes only from his only job. He will not ask the man what was his tribe or his fraternity, but what were his actions. [...]
[...] The doctrine of salvation; a conception of Nature of Man The quest of salvation is very important to the Guru. His teaching will be mainly based on it. Man is the main obstacle to salvation. "Man, when did not convert, is similar to a slave whose master is the world." Indeed, man is going to focus on its values, passions, sensuality, anger, pride, greed, attachment . The result of this attachment to the world will be the transmigration passage of by several deaths instead of enjoying the bliss. [...]
[...] The only place of worship is Man. The spirit of Man (manu) is a prisoner of his sermons. Nanak therefore proposed a discipline centered on mediation, remembering (simarana), repetition (Japu) of the Divine Name. This discipline "Nam Simram" (remember the Divine Name) will ensure constant rise with a series of ascending steps. The last step is the Sach Khand or the Kingdom of Truth. When the man finally "awaken", he feels the harmony (hukan) and therefore the divine presence. The mind will melt in God to achieve bliss (Sahaja). [...]
[...] However Nanak emphasized not only on theoretical teachings on salvation. His successor Angad but maintained that developed community cohesion. Guru Amar Das third strengthened a little more Sikh identity with the establishment of special ceremonies and pastoral supervision system. This allows even more differentiated Sikhs Hindus and Muslims. Guru Ram Das as Sikhs were able to build the city of Amritsar (their holy city). Clearly, the time of Sikh peasantry represented a peaceful, culturally not threatened by any rival. Each change brought still more consistency to the community. [...]
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