Three different neighborhoods in Stockholm Municipality were chosen to compare whether lower income groups had less or more concern on the environment than high income neighborhoods. These districts were Ostermalm (High income), Hammarby Sjostad (Middle income) and Rinkeby (low income). These municipalities were located on different part of the cities. Hammarby and Rinkeby are located on the West of Stockholm while Ostermalm is in the centre.
Between 1965 and 1974, Swedish government launched a programme called "Million programmes". It was an ambitious plan to provide every Swedish a home at a reasonable price. Rinkeby was one of the districts that were built under the Million Programme among other districts. On the other hand, generally speaking, Ostermalm municipality has always been for a high income group. Finally, Hammarby was a municipality built by the government to house the growing demand for urban living from the public. Hammarby was built for all income groups; high, middle, low. This area was also design to be sustainable in the 3 dimension; economically, socially and environmentally. However this area was gentrified. As a result, middle class people moved into Hammarby and lower class moved out to other districts in the city. Gentrification is a change in the social, economic conditions where poorer resident had to move out and they're being replaced by middle-class and professional groups1.
[...] 0 0.0 4.5 2.0 27 Ostermalm Blo ck A Typ No. e of of Litte Lit r ter per 10 m2 (5m x 2m) Blo ck B N Av Av No o. era era . of of ge ge Lit Li in ter tte % per r 10 pe m2 (5m r x 10 2m) m 2 Blo ck C N Av Av No o. era era . of of ge ge Lit Li in ter tte % per r 10 pe m2 (5m r x 10 2m) m 2 Blo ck D N Av Av No. [...]
[...] The area is located close to Stockholm CBD (Centre Business District). Ostermalm came in 2 nd place with a score of 46.9 out of 86. Due to its location, lack of open space had impacted the result severely. However, the district managed well in 3 other sections; General Area quality, service provided, and environmental sustainability. Dated back to 1964, among other districts, Rinkeby was one of the municipalities on the outskirt of town that was built under the million programmes. [...]
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