Essay is so broad that is difficult to define. An essay is a short piece of writing that discusses, describes or analyses one topic. It can range in length from one paragraph to more than twenty. It can be about anything, and be written in almost any style. It can be serious or funny, straight-forward or symbolic. It can describe personal opinions or just report information. Essay examination consists of question to which the students respond in one or more sentence to a specific question. It is widely considered as measuring foe evaluating knowledge of the subject matter or a measure in writing where it test the students ability to express his/her ideas accurately and to think critically within a certain period of time.
Essay items are utilized to measure a student's ability to understand a concept as an integrated whole, demonstrate higher order learning objectives and express original, creative, thinking. Because essay requires students to generate their response. They are considered recall or supply items. Depending in the nature of learning objective being assessed, essay may either require extended or restricted responses. An extended-response essay generally targets synthesis or evaluation levels of understanding and allows for extensive freedom in the content and format of the response; a restricted-response item is more specific and provides narrow guidelines for responding to the items, in addition to this distinction, essay items are classified as subjective assessment as there may be a range of variability in cored responses. One of the benefits of essay is that they go beyond simple measurement of content knowledge and offer students the opportunity to demonstrate indgment, writing style, vocabulary and insight. The comprehensive nature of essay items makes them ideal for assessing how students selects, organize and evaluate ideas. The main drawback of essay items is the time and effort requires for consisting scoping.
[...] He may treat of habits tendencies, movement, or morals. But because he has finished, he has consciously or unconsciously, told us something of himself. From his cross-section of his mind, we are in some of least to reconstruct the whole man. Gray (1991) furthermore said, that the few, if any, essays limit themselves to pure exposition; they are not so much statement of facts as comment on the facts and opinions about the meaning of the facts. And this means that the author has an attitude towards his facts and wishes, presumably, to pass and a particular attitude to his reader. [...]
[...] When teacher, parents and students work persistently effectively to address difficulties student learn many things. They learn problem solving strategies, they learn about themselves and they learn about the value of persistence. They develop a sense of competence and become more motivated they learn that their efforts do make. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY The researcher wants to know the difficulties of the students in answering essay types of test. They noticed that some students answer essay test for submission purpose. [...]
[...] There are 40 respondents from selected high school students. DEFINITION OF TERMS Age The length of time that has existed; duration life Difficulties Are something which cannot easily be done, understand of believe Essay It is a prose narrative in which the written shares with the readers his thoughts and ideas, his feelings and observation on some phases of life. Gender It is the sexuality of the respondents. CHAPTER II RELATED LITERATURE According to Baduel (1990) essay is an attempt to put paper some meditations on a chosen subject which interest the author and for which he solicits the interest of the teacher. [...]
[...] Specially, the answers to the following are sought What is the profile of the respondents in terms of: Age Gender 2. What are the most common difficulties in answering essay type of question? 3. What are the common strategies used by the teacher in essay test? 4. Is there a significant difference between the responses of the respondent in terms of gender? SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY The result of this study may be a great importance to the teacher and to the students. [...]
[...] Statistical Treatment Difficulties in answering essay type of test. For the demographic profile the researcher used the percentage distribution : P = F 100 N Whereas: F - Frequency N - Number of respondents Wv = Whereas: F - Frequency Wp - Weighted point Research Instrument Questionnaire The questioners were referred to the research paper adviser and some reliable source of information for guidance, recommendation and paper construction. It was composed of two parts. The demographic profile and questionnaire paper. [...]
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