Babylonia - Mesopotamia - Amorites, the Chaldeans
Babylonia was a delightful country south of Mesopotamia. The name comes from its capital city called Babylon. Babylon's geographic location was around the Euphrates River, which was 50 miles in the south of the modern day country of Baghdad and the north of the present day Iraq.
Their neighbor's to the west were the Sumerians, and their southern neighbors were the Assyrians. The city of Babylon was the most influential world empire due to its two successful expansions just before its fall caused by absorption by the Persians (Boardman, 233).
They acquired a place in history just like their neighbors the Sumerians and the Assyrians who were the other mere powerful cultures in Mesopotamia. Babylon was clearly known to be a small, but immensely rich state, and their wealth was mostly from the over indulgence in the expansion of their cultural practices, and their success in mathematics and astronomy. Because of the vivid success, Babylon was a target for many rivals who captured it occasionally, but their strong leaders always protected it. The inhabitants of Babylon changed severally although this did not affect their culture. Some of the inhabitants who passed through Babylon at one time include the Amorites, the Chaldeans, and the Amorites (Boardman, 235).
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