Freedom of religion, Petit Larousse
Gerard Gonzalez said already in 1999: "Statelessness of divinity is limited by the need for states to organize the modalities of worship visited him when they interfere with certain constraints of civil society's. religious freedom while limiting the risk of arbitrariness, provided that it is jurisdictionally guaranteed. Only the European Convention on Human Rights, at a supranational level, contributes through the case law of its organs, to its objectification. " This seems to be today the prominent role of the Rome Convention for the protection of freedom of religion.
But some definitions are primarily needed.
Freedom, according to the Petit Larousse, comes from the Latin word libertas and the "state of a person who is not subject to bondage." But compared to religion, it stands more precisely the ability to act, to think, to speak in his own choice. In everyday language, freedom still means the ability to do whatever one wants.
[...] Imbert, preface by Pierre-Henri TEITGEN, edi. Economica, Paris p 99 and p 352 COUNTER SPONVILLE, The spirit of atheism, introduction to spirituality without God, Edition Albin Michel, Paris pages. FLAUSS Jean-François, the influence of the ECHR on third States, Bryulant 2002 Proceedings of the conference held in Strasbourg on 8 June 2001 by the International Institute of Human Rights Michele de Salvia, "Freedom of religion, tolerance and secularism in the jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights," in Cohen-Jonathan Gerard, liberties, justice, tolerance. [...]
[...] This choice is not new and not just European. It dates, in fact, from antiquity where merchants were allowed communities to act according to their own customs. Similarly, in India, for example, freedom of religion was included in a write Ashoka. In Europe, the Middle Ages, the Roman Catholic Church held the reins of religious expression. The Jews were thus alternately tolerated and persecuted. We obviously can not forget the religious wars that followed the schism of the Catholic Church in . [...]
[...] One can not speak of freedom to a being who is freed from natural determinism. Also, to be free, we must be able to choose his actions, positive or negative: we must get rid of the tyranny of instinct. Kant argues that it is the role of education. It is also, more broadly, the role of community life and, more broadly, the culture at large, that is to say the way that man has to silence of nature in him. All this makes access to the freedom of man. [...]
[...] For Mr Compte-Sponville, "they fall under the faith of meditation; their practices are less rituals as exercises or requirements . This is especially of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism. For Durkheim, "religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things, that is to say separate, prohibited, beliefs and practices which unite into one single moral community called Church, all who adhere. This definition, illuminating, makes no mention of one or more deities if all theism is religious, not all religion is not provided theist. [...]
[...] This text, inspired by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen of 1789, is composed of thirty articles, sets out fundamental rights of the individual, their recognition and respect for the law. It also includes a preamble with eight considerations recognizing the need to respect the inalienable fundamental human rights by all countries, nations and political systems, and concludes with the announcement of its approval and proclamation by the General Assembly United Nations. However, as the name suggests, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is merely for information. [...]
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