Globalization has been known to benefit local communities through the creation of new opportunities, financial capital and culture. But it is even more famous for the detrimental effect that it has brought upon the world's poorest countries. This essay will be focusing on the examination of the two globalizing forces that seem to have the greatest impact on the culture and lifestyle of local communities: Tourism and Transnational Corporations. Furthermore this paper will analyzed them taking into account through the three main spheres of globalization; Economic, Political and Cultural-Ideological.
In addition, it will also concentrate on the cultures that globalization has impacted the most which are mostly non-western and less economically developed (Arnold, 2009). Transnational corporations (TNC) are known for outsourcing and setting up manufacturing plants and other parts of their supply chain in countries where it is most beneficial. In terms of benefit, they set up in locations where taxes and legislation restrictions and land and labor are inexpensive (ibid). It is through placing their various buildings in countries that are in need of the financial and economic benefits it brings, where their power and authority starts (Perrons, 2004).
This report will argue that although globalization has generated a high number of positive consequences for human communities all over the world, the disregard of many transnational companies and tourist for the cultural values of the societies they visit and expand their operations to, can also have a significant negative implication for those human communities.
[...] In conclusion, there are a number of different ways in which globalization has affected culture. This report has focused on examining the effects of globalization in developing countries, concluding that it can have a mixed impact on a number of communities around the world. Filipino professionals, for example, are negatively affected by their involvement in transnational corporation, sometimes even being abused. The emotional costs in family separation, the abuse suffered by the worker, and a number of issues affect these employees and their families every day. [...]
[...] (2011) Crime in Canadian Context: debates and controversies. Toronto: Oxford University Press (2nd Edition). Sutherland, E. H. (1947) Principles of criminology. Chicago : J. B. Lippincott (4th Edition) . Wilson, R., Dissanayake, W., (1996). Global local: Cultural production and the transnational imagery. Duke University Press. Zimbardo, P. G. (1970). The human choice: Individuation, reason, and order versus deindividuation, impulse, and chaos. In W. J. Arnold & D. Levine (Eds.), Nebraska Symposium on Motivation: Vol. 17 (pp. 237-307). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. [...]
[...] In addition, many of these developing communities are economically deprived and rely on subsistence agriculture and through employing a lot of the workforce into the tertiary sector, tourism, it undermines the country's/local community's ability to fend for itself, as communities become entirely dependent on the support that tourism brings and supporting tourism. The primary industry often depletes as the nation becomes more interdependent on the leisure industry. This is the situation in which tourism can inflict the most harm, especially if the industry should fail due to bad publicity or a natural disaster, and then the country is left with little else to rely on in other forms of export the national economy will ultimately fall in crisis. The Egyptian crisis of 2001 exemplifies this accurately. [...]
[...] Answer focusing on 2 globalizing forces. Word Count Main Body: 1,710 Globalization has been known to benefit local communities through the creation of new opportunities, financial capital and culture. But it is even more famous for the detrimental effect that it has brought upon the world's poorest countries. This essay will be focusing on the examination of the two globalising forces that seem to have the greatest impact on the culture and lifestyle of local communities: Tourism and Transnational Corporations. [...]
[...] (1998), Globalization. The Human Consequences, Cambridge: Polity Press. CBS News., (2009). South Africa admits crime deters tourism. The Associated Press.
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