Inflation, variation, prevailing rates, coin value
Of the four basic categories of change in prices and the value of the currency, inflation is by far the predominant. Practically, there is not a country that has not experienced episodes of inflation; and in many, wing has become a chronic occurrence, albeit of varying intensity. Resulting from a multiplicity of causes, inflation manifests itself in many ways, is expressed by the most varied rhythms, produces effects that break the conventional economic borders; when prolonged and intensive modify structural relations, behavior patterns and transactional rules.
That is why proliferate employees adjectives to typify their intensity, causes and forms.
To distinguish the rate at which prices rise and that deteriorates the value of the coin, are used adjectival expressions as inflationary blow, creeping inflation, accelerated inflation, (or depending on the intensity, rampant and unchecked), hyperinflation. Already the adjectives of different causes inflation costs or under the mixed inflation, resulting in demand interaction - costs; besides these, there are also structural inflation and inertial inflation.
[...] Relative importance of goods or services affected in the intermediate transactions matrix of the economy. Ability of economic agents, with losses related to its standards of remuneration, to absorb or pass on the costs of expansion. Global rate of real sector of the economy idleness: the lower, the greater the impact of an inflationary focus costs. The structural inflation: The structuralist theories seek explanations for high and chronic inflation, as occurred in most low-income economies in the 50 and 60. [...]
[...] Generally, results of weighted average commodity price indices of industry products (manufacturing and construction) and services. The weighting structure reproduces the relative importance of these different activities in the generation of real output. In series of long-term accumulated, these indicators generally converge to very similar results to each other. At shorter intervals, and the dispersion is higher the more pronounced the higher the speed variation of the prices per unit of time. Major Theories Explanatory There is no single theory that can explain all sorts of inflation historically recorded: they are many and, as I point out, are usually advertised by adjectives that refer to the causes, the magnitudes of high- processes and their characteristics visíveis.Isso however, you can group the main theoretical trunks inflation into four groups: Inflation search. [...]
[...] Persistence Inflation is high persistent and continuous process. Each time, deteriorates the value of the currency. Stopping this process involves the disappearance of the inflationary movement. The inflation concept itself general increase in the price level), the measurement is done through index numbers, calculated from prices collected at regular time intervals, weighted by their relative importance in the aggregate referred to. The indexes serve different purposes and have different levels of sectoral and spatial extent. The most common indicators are: Consumer price index, CPI. [...]
[...] For the calculation of a national consumer price index, average weighted draw up the various indexes. Wholesale price index, IPA. Indicate the changes in prices in the intermediate transactions of production chains. Generally, they are broken down by category of goods: consumer goods and capital goods, these usually subgrupados in raw materials and semi-manufactured, building materials, machinery and equipment. Are broken down in agricultural products (according to different cultures) and industrial products (in the different branches of the manufacturing industry). GDP deflator. Indicates price change of all subgroups of productive activities. [...]
[...] Inflation is essentially a monetary phenomenon of nature, characterized by rising prices and the depreciation of the equivalent value of the currency. The economy in which trade is conducted by barter, there is no typify the occurrence of inflation. Moreover, the quantitative evidence, as noted by A. Harber, "no economy has ever experienced a significant and sustained inflation without an increase in its money supply." Scope, inflation translates into an overall increase of prices. Although the price variation may have wide dispersion around a general index, all move up: the basic rule is the high generalizada.A inflation is not limited to a specific group of goods or services. [...]
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