Low Carbon Emissions, Shipping, anthropogenic carbon dioxide
According to the estimates made in 2007, shipping industry accounts for over 3.3% of the global emissions of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (Fridell, Wines and Styhre, 2013). Other estimates compiled by authorities in the field indicate that in 2050, shipping will account for 18% (Fridell, Wines and Styhre, 2013). Of all the emissions of carbon dioxide in the event that the stakeholders take no action to deal with the carbon emissions.
The effect of the emissions is not instantaneous, but it is cumulative since according to the nature of the emissions, the gas is the hardest to eliminate from the atmosphere (Chen, Liu and Hua, 2013). The drawn out contracting and the evolutions of the finances in the sector acted as a major prevention for the creation of a holistic understanding of the shipping industry (Darkwa and O'Callaghan, 1997). This means that the majority of the commercial habits inherent in the shipping industry are built in, making it hard to remove the ingrained precursors for emission that thwart the efforts to create a better environment.
[...] Electrical Propulsion Propulsion technology used in the shipping industry is also undergoing numerous changes. The development in the electrical technology offers the users of the ships with advanced means of ensuring that they are more flexible than in the previous engine designs. The developments in the industry have led to the development of advanced motor systems. The drives of the next generation power electrons are within the reach of the investors. This will make it possible for the industry players to attain the required levels of emissions (Fridell, Winnes and Styhre, 2013). [...]
[...] The pressure to make margins on both sides may thwart the emission reduction efforts. Therefore, the best approach to the development of effective shipping is through the creation of a universally applied energy efficiency approach. Efficiency Increasing Approaches As indicated earlier, low streaming of the vessels has resulted in significant reductions of the emissions in the shipping industry. The other strategy that has been proposed to reduce the emissions from the shipping industry is the use of alternative sources of power for the propulsion. [...]
[...] However, the downfall of the superconductivity is that it is too futuristic for the reduction of the efficiency gap in the fuel consumption and carbon emissions Therefore, the best approach for the attainment of the required fuel emissions are nonexistent. Reduction of the carbon emission gap will be attained based on the capitalization of existing methods (Fridell, Winnes and Styhre, 2013). References Chen, F. Liu, Y. and Hua, G. (2013).LTLGB 2012. 1st ed. Berlin: Springer. Darkwa, K. and O'Callaghan, P. (1997). Green transport technology analytical studies of a thermo chemical store for minimizing energy consumption and air pollution from automobile engines. Applied thermal engineering, pp.603--614. [...]
[...] Towards understanding energy efficiency in shipping. Chalmers University of Technology. Johnson, H. and Andersson, K. (2011).The energy efficiency gap in shipping- barriers to improvement. Johnson, H., Johansson, M. and Andersson, K. (2012). Barriers to energy efficiency in short sea shipping: a case study. Koch, H., Ko¨nig, D., Sanden, J. and Verheyen, R. (2013). Climate change and environmental hazards related to shipping. [...]
[...] (n.d.).ICTE 2013. 1st ed. Potter, S., Rye, T. and Smith, M. (1999). Tax and green transport plans: a survey of UK experience. Transport Policy, pp.197--205. Qi, E., Shen, J. and Dou, R. (2013).The 19th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management. 1st ed. Berlin: Springer. Wang, H. [...]
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