Mao Zedong, Chinese Icon, Hong Kong
Mao Zedong was a leader in the transformation of China into a communist nation. He was influenced by the predominant conditions in the country and the increasing inferiority of the country compared to others. In addition, he sought to eradicate the problem of social inequalities in china as well as create a platform for empowerment of women. Despite many catastrophes resulting from his methods and plans, Mao Zedong should be judged on his good intentions.
The Qing dynasty was opposed to changes and was in favor of a continuation of the traditional Chinese methods of governance. However, increase interactions with outsiders and the decreasing image of china as an Asian leader was leading to more conflicts between the country and western powers.
For example, there were conflicts with Britain that resulted in the loss of Hong Kong as well as imposition of unfair peace treaties. In addition, the French influence resulted in a loss of the Korean territory, a traditional part of the Chinese empire. In addition, the Japanese empire had adopted reformist policies that were aimed at transforming the country into a modern nation (Wasserstrom 16). The strengthening of Japan and the humiliations saw an increase in the number of reformists in China. However, they were purged by the Qing courts (Wasserstrom 16).
[...] The treatment of the western world by Mao is an important point of study. Before funding the communist party, one of the main problems affecting China was Imperialism. Therefore, upon the establishment of the People's Republic of China, Mao sough to reduce the influence of external powers on the country, for example, the United States had aided the Chinese nationalist party in an effort to reduce the influence of the communist party. In addition, Russian president Mikhail Gorgabachev was critical of a tendency by leaders such as Stalin to establish a cult following, which was interpreted as a criticism of the book' availed to all Chinese nationals led to strained relationships (Spence 174). [...]
[...] There was unrest among students in most of the major cities. Mao became aware of the unrest after the attempted Cultural Revolution; Mao closed down all schools and ordered the students to be reeducated by peasants through hard labor (Spence 143). This is a classic case of how Mao responded to critics. Other responses included creation of crises to destabilize leaders who challenged him. These responses show that Mao responded to criticism by silencing the critic brutally. In fact, in a section of his writing, Mao claims that ‘people who bow down to a force of momentum survive while those who resist is perish'. [...]
[...] The higher classes exploited the low cases, a condition that was detested by Mao and his followers (Wasserstrom 74). For example, Mao once claimed that all power belongs to the peasant as opposed to the tyrants who wield it. he proclaimed ‘Down with the Local Tyrants and Evil Gentry! All Power to the Peasant Associations!' (Tse-tung section3). In the initial years of his life, Mao was a Chinese nationalist. He was opposed to the imposed imperialism and strived to establish a country that was free from all external influences. [...]
[...] Traditionally, the Chinese army was governed by political ideals, resulting in many small armies with different allegiances motivated by political ideologies. Peng Dehuai saw the need for a professional Chinese army to prepare for modern and technical warfare (Spence 74). Due to his criticism, he was labeled a non-partisan and purged from the Chinese communist party. Later, he was tortured and jailed for his ‘crimes against Mao' (Spence 186). In many places, students often form the initial waves of a revolution. [...]
[...] On Mao Zedong: a Chinese Icon Mao Zedong was a leader in the transformation of China into a communist nation. He was influenced by the predominant conditions in the country and the increasing inferiority of the country compared to others. In addition, he sought to eradicate the problem of social inequalities in china as well as create a platform for empowerment of women. Despite many catastrophes resulting from his methods and plans, Mao Zedong should be judged on his good intentions. [...]
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