Napoleonic period, French revolution, Germany and Italy
Widespread uprising, 1848 revolutions, took place across Europe with regards to the social and economic pressures as a result of the industrial revolution. The middle and working class people threatened the European conservative monarchs as they tried to found a government that would allow an ordinary man to acquire a significant voice in the ways of the regime. The uprisings occurred in France, Germany and Italy; however, the revolutions failed to bring changes in the countries.
The Napoleonic French revolution left a mark that developed fear across Europe from the thought that the lower working class should have any kind of power in the governments. Responding to the thoughts, there was a widespread of conservatism among the monarchs, and the monarchs supported a restoration of hierarchical government to prevent the working class from gaining more power in the government. In Germany and Italy, the nationalism concepts complimented with the ideologies that were directed at the efforts to shape the systems of government in the states. Social ideas began to arise, of which one was termed liberalism, an ideology that valued the inalienable rights concept. The liberalisms ideas were as a result of enlightenment, which hold the rational that everyone should be have the freedom for talent and ability demonstration. In Germany, implementation of this doctrine adequately would see a successful implementation of the bill of rights and Magna Carta (Sheena, p. 583).
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