Ohio Northern University (2012) defines religion as the human quest for, experience of, and response to the holy or sacred, (Ohio Northern University, 2012, p. 1). Many religions or quests to experience and respond to the holy have grown or withered over the centuries. However, through the millenniums and despite persecution, among the many religions that have stood the test of time, three have risen to international proportion. University of Phoenix Instructor, Steven Insalaco confirms that Judaism, Islam and Christianity (including both Catholicism and Protestantism) divinely inspire over 50% of the world's population, (University of Phoenix, 2012).
Birthed from the patriarch Abraham, Judaism, Christianity and Islam may be regarded as a dysfunctional family of religions. Beginning with Judaism, the oldest of these religions, this paper will explore various aspects of these religions. It will give an overview of their common origins and development as well as the divisions within each. Finally, the paper will compare and contrast the similarities, connections and differences between each religion.
[...] Holy days vary between religions as well. Catholics and Protestants again are the most similar celebrating Christmas as the birth of Jesus along with Easter and fasting for Lent. Jews celebrate Hanukah for eight days in remembrance of the second temple. Muslims fast for a month for Ramadan to remember the poor. These are just a few of the similarities and differences (Molloy, 2010). Conclusion It may be argued that no other groups of religions are as closely tied in origins as Judaism, Catholicism, Islam and Protestantism. [...]
[...] He is the Vicar of Christ and it is his responsibility to guide the church. The Pope is chosen by election of the Cardinals in a process called enclave. The Cardinals are Bishops or Archbishops who are selected by the Pope and candidates for the Papal office. A Bishop is the pastor of a diocese or geographical area consisting of parishes (Jakoblich, 2012). Islam The Islamic faith is a Muslim Monotheistic religion which dates back to the 7th century. When the word Islam is translated into Arabic, it means peace and submission. [...]
[...] The spread of what would be later known as Catholicism was largely aided by Paul. He found non-Jews to be more receptive to his teachings and spread the word through the use of the Greek language. Through missionary work, Catholicism spread around the Mediterranean. Paul and an apostle named Peter largely aided Catholicism hold in Rome, the capital of the Roman Empire of the time. Influenced by the Empire's hierarchical structure, Catholicism adopted a monarchical structure of its own (Molloy, 2010). [...]
[...] This is just one of their principles of faith. Others include basic ideals that God does exist, prayer is to be directed to God alone, and the words of the prophets are to be observed as true and divine laws. The Sabbath For members of the Jewish faith, the Seventh day is a scared and very special day. The Seventh day is called the Sabbath. Sabbath, when kept properly, is felt to sanctify the entire week. Recalling the royal rest of God after the six laborious days of creation, the Sabbath is a day of special prayer and human relaxation (see Exod. [...]
[...] Jakoblich, J. (2012). About Catholics. Retrieved on August from http://www.aboutcatholics.com/worship/church_structural_roles/. Molloy, M. (2010). Experiencing the world's religions: Tradition, challenge, and change. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education. Ohio Northern University. (2012). What is Religion. Retrieved from http://www.onu.edu/academics/getty_college_of_arts_sciences/areas_of_st udy/philosophy_and_religion/what_is_religion. Torossian, Ronn. (2012). [...]
using our reader.