Person perception - interpersonal behavior - Social categorization
People behave different in different situations. Psychology has many approaches that help people to understand each other. It facilitates expression of people through personal perception, Set groupings depending on behavioral trait, gives expectations of either positive or negative altitude, set hierarchy with authority levels that need to be obeyed, and define peoples' identity. Uniting these psychological approaches helps to create a favorable universe when individuals understand each other and get their identity.
Personal perceptions are different mental processes used by people to create an impression on others. It is the processes of making an impression and the different conclusion individual make about others in relation to this impression. People form impression using very little knowledge or information of the other, for example, a person can make an impression on a new employee, shop attendant, or a stranger. This makes person perception process to be subjective since it is influenced by characteristics of the victim, situation, and personal characteristic of the person forming the impression. People focus on noticeable point instead of attempting to get background information.
Peoples' perception can be formed based on different factors. Roles and social norms expected from others serve as a basic factor in forming impression. There is obvious characteristics trait that an individual is expected to portray, which is used to form initial perception. Person perception can also be formed from physical cues and presentation such as dressing code. People can be judged and the conclusion is made based on the way from outside without considering personality traits.
Social categorization is another factor that is used in forming an impression by categorizing people into different groups based on general characteristics, which include race, occupation, gender, and age (Andersen, Taylor, & Khalfani, 2007) It occurs automatically and unconsciously in most occasions, although there are times it happens consciously. Social categorization facilitates quick judgment by allowing people to make a decision as per expectation of that group without getting to know individuals at a personal level. However, this technique is disadvantageous in that it can result in stereotyping and errors in the impression formed.
[...] Groups help individuals to achieve organizational goals and to satisfy their personal needs. People join in groups to develop social interactions. Individuals in groups can access a lot of information, which they cannot acquire when working alone or can take long before getting it. Groups also helping in building self esteem by giving a sense of belonging. Groups benefit from individuals through combined efforts offered by each member. Conclusion In conclusion, psychology helps individuals' n relating with each other. Personal perception help people form an impression without getting a lot of information. [...]
[...] Rogers accepts the existence of others in momentary sense. They are highly intelligent leading in civilization. They are responsible of taking the role of organizing by maintaining detailed records. They have self- awareness as comprising emotionally capability. They perceive the world as a prearranged environment with comparable people who enjoy the company of each other. They assume that the only way to make the world a good place is through setting rules and regulations that should be followed strictly by others, but not them. [...]
[...] Obedience is influenced by the person issuing the order. If the person issuing the order is ranked in the same category to the person receiving, there is a likelihood of disobedience. The juniors obey with the expectation to receive rewards and avoid the unenthusiastic penalty of disobedience. Helping Behavior Helping behavior are voluntary actions that aim at assist others without any reward in exchange. People are unlikely to volunteer to help a distressed person if there are other people present a situation know as bystander effect in psychology. [...]
[...] These components are linked, but cognitive and affective component may differ with behavior. Attitude provides knowledge of life that is essential in predicting the occurrence of events giving a sense of control. It helps individuals to organize and structure experiences. Attitude also helps in self expression through communication and development of a positive feeling that comes from affirmation of identity (Tagiuri, & Petrullo, 1958). People can express their attitude using non-verbal communication. Expression of socially acceptable attitudes is rewarded by the society by approving and adapting them, which helps in social grouping. [...]
[...] Person perception and interpersonal behavior Introduction People behave different in different situations. Psychology has many approaches that help people to understand each other. It facilitates expression of people through personal perception, Set groupings depending on behavioral trait, gives expectations of either positive or negative altitude, set hierarchy with authority levels that need to be obeyed, and define peoples' identity. Uniting these psychological approaches helps to create a favorable universe when individuals understand each other and get their identity. Personal Perception Personal perceptions are different mental processes used by people to create an impression on others. [...]
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