UNHCR, Afghanistan-Pakistan, international organizations
The primary input of international organizations (IOs) in global governance exists in the belief that they are effective centers operating on a common agenda to promote democratic governance and foster cooperation amongst member states in developing common solutions.
(IOs) roles manifest themselves during instances of emergencies, which demand urgent attention to arrest the external pressures and restore normalcy. Particularly after the proliferation of international organizations after the Second World War, they have played a critical role in coordinating and steering interstate cooperation, creating and enforcing the international law and principles (Harris, 2013, p. 97). As such, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) provides a unique platform for generating collective actions through shared response
to discover common solutions to the challenges faced by people on the move.
UNHCR is an agency mandated to lead, coordinate international actions to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide (UNHCR, 2014). Since its launch in 1950, the primary focus of the refugee agency has involved safeguarding rights of refugees and striving to help stateless individuals and asylum seekers resettle appropriately. Within an intervening period of six decades, the agency has facilitated tens of millions of people restart their lives by finding safe refuge in other states, return home voluntarily, and integrate locally (UNHCR, 2014). This essay will demonstrate the role of UNHCR in protecting Afghan refugees and review of its impacts.
[...] (2005). Effects of Repatriation on Education in Afghan Refugee Camps in Pakistan. Retrieved January from http://www.tc.columbia.edu/sie/journal/Volume_2/Ghaffar-Kucher.pdf Harris, P. G. (2013). Routledge Handbook of Global Environmental Politics. London: Routledge Heger, B. (2014). Helping Boost Capacity. Retrieved January from http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c107.html Kaltenbach, E. C. (2009, January 12). [...]
[...] Considering that the security climate in Afghanistan is far from breaking the complex cycle, its citizens continue to experience humanitarian challenges. The situation exacerbates following nationwide insecurity, economic insecurity, withdrawing international security forces and the inability of the Afghanistan government to meet basic services. Although the government of the day recognizes the principle of non-refoulement, returnees may encounter protection concerns owing to the volatility and the inadequacy of basic services. Moreover, continued conflict, recurrent drought and natural disasters pose formidable challenges to efforts committed to encouraging return and create an enabling environment for sustainable reintegration (UNHCR para 4). [...]
[...] This arises in the partnership between UNHCR and MoRR in the Land Allocation Scheme to distribute resources to landless returnees in resettlement sites that have generated a sense of life in sites reclaimed sites. While facilitating direct funding to develop infrastructure, the coordinating role of the UNHCR has made life possible by monitoring the utilization of funds sourced from donors in domesticating virgin sites such as Beni Warsak into dwelling places (Scalettaris s. 9). This shields returnees against facing inhabitable environment as they reintegrate and rebuild their lives in Afghanistan. Conclusion UNHCR as an international organization assumes a central role in handling international crisis affecting individuals who are involuntarily on the move. [...]
[...] This enables the organization to maintain contact and link the respect of human rights with concern for protecting refugees. Efforts to promote durable solutions for Afghans are being pursued trough the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR), which enables the UNHCR to advocate for Pakistan to adopt national legislation on refugees (UNHCR para Capacity Building Boosting the capacity by assisting states comply with legal obligations and meet international standards, is a fundamental activity in protecting refugees. Capacity building entails the process by which individuals, organizations, institutions and societies develop abilities (individually and collectively) to perform functions, solve problems and set and achieve objectives (Manohar S. [...]
[...] Retrieved January from http://www.unhcr.org/pages/4f9016576.html UNHCR. (2014). Durable Solutions: The Ultimate Goal. Retrieved January from http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646cf8.html UNHCR. (2014). Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Retrieved January from http://www.unhcr.org/pages/49c3646c2.html Web Desk. (2013, June 19). Pakistan's Refugee Population 1.6 Million: UNHCR Report. Retrieved January from http://tribune.com.pk/story/565308/pakistans-refugeepopulation-1-6-million-unhcr-report/ Wilks, T. (2012). Advocacy and Social Work Practice . [...]
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