Interventions Programs, Public Health Theory, Knowledge
The social cognitive theory can be effectively used in the curbing of the excessive alcohol use that has been noted amongst the students of Indiana University College. The social cognitive theory, according to scholars in the social and behavioral sciences, is conceptualized by understanding only five constructs which are; knowledge, perceived self-efficiency, outcome expectations, goal formation and socio-structural factors.
Knowledge is an important aspect in curbing and promoting behavior and health. In regards to the problem identified among the students of Indiana University, the University should come up with a way of sensitizing the dangers of excessive drinking to the students. This might through seminars or inviting a once upon a time alcoholic to give a speech on his past occurrences. We all that the power of knowledge is to create awareness. Therefore, once the students get to know of the consequences of excessive drinking they might look for ways of how to stop drinking. This is not certain as goes old adage that knowledge is obligatory but not an adequate foundation for behavior change.
[...] Students with lowerself-efficacy are most likely to engage or not engage in alcohol consumption.This is so unlike the students who have a strong self-efficacy. To balance this, there are four methods of learning that can be used to increase self-efficacy. The first method of learning is one's physiological state. This is whereby one learns how to reduce fear and negative ideas on a specific behavior. For instance, the consequences of stopping drinking once a drinker may create a low self-efficacy for something that can be dealt with. Therefore learning to control one's reactions is a fundamental way of growing self-efficacy. [...]
[...] Role of Interventions Programs - Public Health Theory Introduction Public health theories play a major role in the creation of interventions programs to change behaviors and promote health. This paper will apply the social cognitive theory and Bronfenbrenner's model of human development to establish a program to prevent and discourage excessive alcohol use among Indiana University college students. Discussion The social cognitive theory can be effectively used in the curbing of the excessive alcohol use that has been noted amongst the students of Indiana University College. [...]
[...] With all this we learn that we need a multi layered invention so as to curb behavior. Conclusion From the above we learn that public health theories play a major role in the managing of societal behavior. The theories can help one come up with a substantial program of how to curb any behavioral problem. References Population Health Intervention Research Casebook. Ottawa, Ont: Canadian national Institutes of Health study and Research Web resource. Sommer, Marni, and Richard G. Parker. Structural Approaches in Public Health. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge Print. [...]
[...] For example, they should be told that in the long run of drinking, one becomes a slave of alcohol and cannot do without it. One becomes mentally unstable and hence may lose chances of employed in the future. The students will be aware of the unfortunate outcomes of drinking and hence quit engaging themselves in alcohol. Goal formation procedures should also be included in program so as to help curb excessive drinking. The students should be given both the sub- goals and the ultimate goal. [...]
[...] For example, if the students are in an environment where alcohol is in plenty, it will be hard to curb excessive drinking for it will be readily available. Therefore, the university should reduce the supply of alcohol in the learning institution. The intervention to stop drinking must be multilayered since one way might not be sufficient.DiClemente, Salazar, & Crosby, (2011b)illustrates different ecology systems that affect human behavior. These are micro system which entails the immediate environment to a person for example the peers. Meso-system, this is the twining of two systems for example family with peers. Exo-system which refers tocontexts which one is not directly involved with. [...]
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