The Sikhs, Beckham Gurinder Chadh
In the film Plays like Beckham Gurinder Chadha, we see evolve with humor and realism the lives of the middle class in Southall Sikh, Punjabi suburb of East London. It particularly notes the father of Jessminder officer at Heathrow airport with his turban, or parents praying before a portrait of Guru Nanak .In arriving in India, the first image of the tourist is often that of a Sikh taxi driver, voluble and impressive with his turban. This same turban reminder of the prophets of the Old Testament. Who are they, these men shouting before each fight Sta Sri Akal! ("The truth of the Immortal")? Sikhs are followers of an original and little-known religion. Sikhism is one of the four major religions of India. The word "Sikh" comes from the Pali language and means spiritual disciple.
Originally, Sikhism was a sect of the XV century in Punjab, created by the poet Nanak (1469-1539). The emblem of Sikhism shows two swords (the symbol of the speed of the faithful to defend his faith) and a ring (symbol of God) split a double-edged dagger. Sikhs form a community that has managed to thrive in the world but still a majority in India (1.75% of the population representing six million inhabitants) and especially in the Punjab region watered by the Indus tributaries that is the richest in India. They are also present in Great Britain (0.3 million), the US (0.5 million) and Canada.
[...] Nânak The history of the thought of Nanak His sermons are similar to that of Sant (Sadhu: errant religious) and mystic poets. It is a syncretic mix but where the foundation is no relation to Hinduism and Islam. The Sant practiced a religion of love addressed to a supreme God. They had a real attachment to the importance of the guru (spiritual guide). Their worship was through the rite of Kirtan, individual and group singing of praise to God. The most famous leader was the poet Kabir (1440-1518). For him, God dwelleth all beings, prayers and ceremonies were useless. [...]
[...] Born in Punjab (then divided between Hindus and Muslims) place of birth remains controversial. We can still say that he spent his childhood in the village of Talvandî (sixty kilometers from Lahore city today as the Nankara Sahib). He is the founder of Sikhism. His father was Hindu caste Khati, traders. Very young he went to Sultanpur where he became the steward of a Muslim owner. He married and had two children. At 27 he adopted a life of asceticism. [...]
[...] Desiring salvation, he finds solace in religious exercises. Bibliography Tools: Dictionary of Eastern wisdom, Paris, Robert Laffont, October 1991 From Houtre Michael, Encyclopedia of Religion Volume Sikhs under dir. Frederic Lenoir and Ysé T.Masquelier, Lonrai Bayard edition, November 1991 Harbans Singh, Dictionary of Religions, Paris, PUF, January 1984 Joanne O'Brien and Martin Palmer, Atlas of World Religions, China, other Edition 1994 Fiction: Jean-Alphonse Bernard, of the Indian Empire to the Republic of India (1935 to present), Paris, Imprimerie Nationale Editions, coll Our Century 1994 Cattle Michel, History of India, Paris, PUF, coll What do I know? [...]
[...] But it is safer to define the characteristics of this doctrine, rather than reducing it to conciliation symbol. To this we must consider Sikhism in its history. While Sikhs are a minority society compared to other religious groups, yet they proudly wear their faith. Their religion is certainly imbued with Hinduism and Islam but in any case it is similar. So how did the Sikh community unique? Sikhs have a particular religion based on devotion taught by the Guru. In addition, the structure of the company remains flexible since its inception. [...]
[...] ("The truth of the Immortal")? Sikhs are followers of an original and little-known religion. Sikhism is one of the four major religions of India. The word "Sikh" comes from the Pali language and means spiritual disciple. Originally, Sikhism was a sect of the XV century in Punjab, created by the poet Nanak (1469- 1539). The emblem of Sikhism shows two swords (the symbol of the speed of the faithful to defend his faith) and a ring (symbol of God) split a double- edged dagger. [...]
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