Single-System, Research, Design
ABA design of the single-system design was applied on AM, an SSRD participant who is suffering from Multiple Sclerosis (MS). AM is experiencing depression after he was diagnosed with the problem. Multiple Sclerosis is an immune related disease that affects the central nervous system caused by abnormal response of the body's immune system (Neil eta al., 2012). According to research done by Neil (2012), MS affects 2.5 million people worldwide. Multiple Sclerosis has the potential to cause disability, which may lead to progressive disability, confinement in a wheelchair and 10 year diagnoses. There is no permanent known cure for Multiple Sclerosis, but the intervention was identified to control it and help AM to live a normal and quality life. AM is required to take daily means with his family and friends as well as talking his feelings out and finding hobbies to do for exercise. The timeframe for the ABA research design took 15 days, baseline, intervention and follow-up taking five days each after the client signed a consent form.
If early rehabilitation is not done early, the effects of the condition may be adverse leading to disability and limited participation in personal and communal activities. The disease can destroy much myelin if it is not arrested early; therefore, it is necessary to employ different therapies in order to curb the development of life-altering disabilities. The intervention adopted to control MS can help AM to live a better life with the problem and continue with his normal work alongside his problems involved appropriate outcome measure approaches that aimed at achieving the goal of reducing the effects of the condition.
[...] People who improved on their social life after diagnosis reduced their depression significantly. Historically, physicians restricted people who suffered from MS from physical activities that led to permanent deconditioning. However, a journal published in 1996 by Petajan and colleagues proved physical activity as a good way to control the effects of MS (Patricia, 2011). The adoption of this method has gained quality in treating MS through showing positive statistical results of those people who were not put on physical exercise deteriorated in their condition while of the active group improved their condition (Patricia, 2011). [...]
[...] The groups also help the clients to gain strength after learning that they are not facing the problem alone. By participating in support groups, some people may find it as an effective place to express private feelings that they have experienced about the sickness and the impact that it has had on their life and relationships SINGLE-SYSTEM RESEARCH DESIGN Bibliography Fary, K., Bhasker, A., & Lynne, S. (2011). Symptomatic therapy and rehabilitation in primary progressive multiple sclerosis. Neurology Research International volume 2011. Kate Jefferies. (2006). The neuropsychiatric of multiple sclerosis. [...]
[...] Advances in psychiatric treatments article. Lydia, C., Dawn, M., Laura, E., Mark, S., James, D., & George Kraft. (2002). Depressive symptoms and severity of illness in multiple sclerosis: Epidemiologic study of a large community sample. Am J Psychiatry article. Motl, R., & Gosney, J. (2008). Effects of exercising training on quality of life in multiple sclerosis: A meta-analysis. PubMed. Neil, S., & Alastair Wilkins. (2012). [...]
[...] Multiple Sclerosis. United Kingdom: Oxford university press. Patricia, G. (2011). Physical therapy in multiple sclerosis rehabilitation. National Multiple Sclerosis Society. Royse, D., Thyer, B.A., & Padgett, D.K., (2010). Program Evaluation: An Introduction (5th ed.). Belmont, CA:Wadsworth,Cengage Learning 9 SINGLE-SYSTEM RESEARCH DESIGN Appendix CONSENT TO PARTICIPATE IN A SINGLE SYSTEM RESEARCH DESIGN I am aware that this research as a requirement of the accomplishment of the course the student is undertaking. The research is aimed at monitoring my response to the intervention 10 SINGLE-SYSTEM RESEARCH DESIGN program that I will be taking for three weeks, as a result, of my condition I give consent to the student provide the required research forms (the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale ) that he requires to be filled in the three week period. [...]
[...] I also recognize that it will be necessary to share my feelings within the period of the intervention and choose a physical activity that I feel comfortable with. However, I understand that I should be careful while doing the exercise as overdoing it may lead to excessive distress to the body muscles. I will not charge the student nor the school governing body for undertaking the exercise. In case I have any questions or complaints pertaining the research I will contact the student or the supervisor if need be. [...]
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