Children with who have learning disabilities do face so many obstacles while pursuing their education. Determining the possibility of a learning disability among children becomes a hard task to tackle. Therefore, scholars apply the Wechsler Intelligence Scale as a test protocol; it is commonly used for the purpose of evaluating and determining the child's intellectual capability.
The test evaluates the kids learning disabilities as opposed to the criterion of testing them based on the knowledge they obtain from the classroom (Wechsler, 2003). A newer adjustment was made which comprised of the Processing speed index, freedom from distractibility index, Perceptual organizational Index and finally Verbal Comprehension Index.
The above mentioned criterion is used to analyze and determine whether the kid has a learning disability or not. The intellectual capability of a child is also accounted for in the analysis. Moreover, array of revisions have been made on the testing modes. These modes are used to test depending on what the assessor wants to determine (Bartholomew, 2005). A big number of early childhood professionals have been concerned about the assessment tools used to evaluate the preschool children. They have raised issues such as; the quality of measuring tools, what is being measured, conditions under which children get tested and ways through which experimental results are applied.
[...] This will bring the subjective experiences and the meaning of the construct. Cross cultural research plays an essential role in evaluating cross cultural construct validity. This aids in development of specific measures of the standardized psychological instruments (Swanson, Bradley- Johnson, Johnson, & O'Dell, 2009). Linguistic and cultural characteristics are another factor to be considered by psychologists before choosing assessment tool. This will ensure accurancy, beneficial, credible and ethical assessment. Other methods have been suggested such as collecting multidimensional information proper to the actual assessment by using acculturation measurement. [...]
[...] Susto is a freight disorder due to stressful environment, and is common to Latino immigrants. In contrast, the condition is not represented in the ‘Minnesto Multiphase Personality Inventory' II (MMPI-II- frequently used instrument (Swanson, Bradley-Johnson, Johnson, & O'Dell, 2009). Due to the above susto case, numerous acculturation instruments have been developed to culture conceptualization of Latin immigrants. This shows that cultural and individual characteristics are essential for attaining complete and accurate assessment Thus, it is vital for the psychologists to gather cultural and linguistic information concerning their clients before they commence the assessment. [...]
[...] They are vital especially when the condition of a child requires being determined whether the child has is ability or not. They are used in learning institutions that is, schools and other learning setting, residential places like in the case a parent wants to determine whether the child has a problem or not among other places. There are cases where the parents of a child require knowing the status of a child in terms of disability in the case where the parents suspect that the child has a problem. [...]
[...] The indexes were particularly used for the cases where VIQ was seen as less descriptive in the verbal capacity compared to VCI. The reason was due to high discrepancies of the arithmetic subtest compared to verbal comprehension subtest. The level was unusual in the sample used for standardization process. In areas were the PIQ was non descriptive than POI in perceptual ability, the indexes were preferable since coding subtests in the ‘processing speed domain' was discrepant from the ‘perceptual organization subtests' in levels different from the sample being standardized. (Braden, & Athanasius, 2005). [...]
[...] (2005). Measuring Intelligence: Facts and Fallacies, USA: Cambridge University Press. Braden, P & Athanasius, S. (2005). A comparative review of nonverbal measures of intelligence. And interpretation. Burlington: Elsevier Academic Press. Brooks, L. (2011). A Study of low scores in Canadian children and adolescents on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV). Journal Child Neuropsychology, 281-289. Clinton, A. [...]
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