Urban development , Classical period, Hellenistic period
Following the Persian Wars in 478 BC, Athens creates a maritime league known as the Delian League attico-or the Delian League, which aims to bring together the Greek forces against a possible new attack of the Persians . This league gives Delos, the title of the headquarters of the Confederation, and it was then that the common treasure (booty collected during the first Persian war) was placed in the temple of Apollo. This way, Athens gets some authority over Delos, which translates administrative control over the sanctuary, more famous, becoming, absolute mistress of sacred Delos property.
However, the Athenian domination also takes a political and religious, in 426 BC, Athens decides a second "purification" of the island, and proclaims the prohibition of birth and death on the Delian ground. This decision proves more important since then, no further necropolis is built on the Delian ground, this is added a second element, namely that no original wall was built and thus Delos n has never responded to well-known type of Greek cities of "old town" with site acropolis and lower town. The prohibition to be born and to die on the floor Delian reinforces the sanctity of the island, therefore, the island is at the shelter wars, and residents do not consider it essential to defend the city, assured divine protection of Apollo. No wall is then built around the city, no defensive structure is set up to defend the territory, whether urban or rural. Thus, obtained Delos organization of space never seen elsewhere.
[...] BRUNEAU, "Contribution to the urban history of Delos," in BCH, Supplement 47 (2006), p.111-149. P. Bruneau, J. Ducat, Delos Guide (2005). A. CHAMPDOR, Delos, Apollo's Island (1960). J. Chamonard, Archaeological Exploration of Delos: The neighborhood of Theatre, home of the Delian study in the Hellenistic period, Issue VIII. H. [...]
[...] For example, the street theater has a slope and 10% up in comparison, the standard is not exceeded in our planning regulations today is 7%. The floor of the street meanwhile, was paved with large slabs of gneiss which can sometimes make the entire width of the street, and irregular. However in most cases the floor street was mostly kept in a natural state in clay where runoff waters were not likely to change in a huge muddy tired, it was mostly the gently sloping streets. [...]
[...] The city of Independence is still further reduced to tiny theater district, however, this period of independence stands for Delians of great change, and the city built many new buildings and extension work are undertaken. It was also at this time that the architectural business is developing on the island. The arrangement of the different sectors is regulated by porticoes playing on the perpendicular and parallel, organizing the space in a more concrete and rational way. During this period, the three great points of interest of the city seem to be the port, the old theater district, and the edges of the Inopos. [...]
[...] Duchene, Archaeological Exploration of Delos: The port landscape of ancient Delos, XXXIX booklet. H. Gallet OF SANTERRE, Delos Primitive and Archaic (1958). R. MARTIN, Urbanism in ancient Greece (1974). V. PAPAGEORGIOU-Venetas, Urban Research on an ancient city: Delos (1981). G. SIEBERT, Archaeological Exploration of Delos: The island jewelry, bronzes island, home of the Seals, XXXVIII booklet. [...]
[...] Also, this measure taken by the authority athénnienne upset once again the urban development of the city, but which is in continuity, "normal" evolution of what was begun a century rather Pisistratus during the first "purification". Thus, Delos before purifications possessed no topographic and functional division between a field of Men (lower town), and a domain of the gods (Acropolis). Subsequently, the city continues to exist and in 404 BC, the defeat of the Athenian face the Spartans during the Peloponnesian War, marks a break with the domination of Delos covering control of his sanctuary the integrity of its territory until 394 bC That year Athens reasserting its authority, which is not truly accepted the Delian. [...]
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